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1. A balsamic resin obtained from certain tropical Asian trees of the genus Styrax and used in perfumery and medicine. Also called benjamin, gum benjamin, gum benzoin.
2. A white or yellowish crystalline compound, C14H12O2, derived from benzaldehyde.
[Earlier benjoin, from French benjoin and Italian benzoino, both from Arabic lubān jāwī, frankincense of Java; see lbn in Semitic roots.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
benzoin(ˈbɛnzɔɪn; -zəʊɪn; bɛnˈzəʊɪn)
1. (Plants) Also called: benjamin a gum resin containing benzoic acid, obtained from various trees of the genus Styrax, esp S. benzoin of Java and Sumatra, and used in ointments, perfume, etc
2. (Elements & Compounds) a white or yellowish crystalline compound with a camphor-like odour used as an antiseptic and flavouring; 2-hydroxy-2-phenylacetophenone. Formula: C6H5CHOHCOC6H5
3. (Plants) any lauraceous aromatic shrub or tree of the genus Lindera, esp L. benzoin (spicebush)
[C16: from French benjoin, from Old Catalan benjui, from Arabic lubān jāwī, literally: frankincense of Java]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
ben•zo•in1(ˈbɛn zoʊ ɪn, -zɔɪn, bɛnˈzoʊ ɪn)
1. a reddish brown balsamic resin obtained from certain storax trees, used in medicine and perfumery.
2. any plant belonging to the genus Lindera (Benzoin), of the laurel family, as the spicebush.
[1550–60; earlier benjoin < Middle French < Portuguese beijoim < Arabic lubān jāwi frankincense of Java]
ben•zo•in2(ˈbɛn zoʊ ɪn, -zɔɪn, bɛnˈzoʊ ɪn)
a white, water-soluble powder, C14H12O2, used in organic synthesis.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
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|Noun||1.||benzoin - gum resin used especially in treating skin irritation|
gum resin - a mixture of resin and gum
|2.||Benzoin - used in some classifications for the American spicebush and certain other plants often included in the genus Lindera|
magnoliid dicot genus - genus of dicotyledonous flowering plants regarded as among the most primitive of extant angiosperms
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
n. benjuí, resina usada como expectorante.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.