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A bitter, yellow alkaloid, C20H19NO5, obtained from several plants such as goldenseal and having medical uses as an antipyretic and antibacterial agent.

[New Latin Berberis, barberry genus (from Medieval Latin berberis, barberry) + -ine.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(Plants) a yellow bitter-tasting alkaloid obtained from barberry and other plants and used medicinally, esp in tonics. Formula: C20H19NO5
[C19: from German Berberin, from New Latin berberis barberry]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈbɜr bəˌrin)

a white or yellow, crystalline, water-soluble alkaloid, C20H19NO5, derived from barberry or goldenseal and used for treating burns and as an antibacterial agent and stomachic.
[1860–65; < New Latin Berber(is) the barberry genus]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
For many of my patients, the difference between a rotator cuff tear that heals well and one that doesn't is a supplement containing THIAA (tetrahydro iso-alpha acids) and berberine. These natural substances give your body the underlying materials it needs to build healing enzymes called matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs).
According to Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, goldenseal contains a number of natural compounds including berberine, which may have anticancer benefits.
The emission spectra of the water and ethanol extracts from 1 g of studied material, secretory cells or solution of individual compound berberine (Sigma-Aldrich, United States), were recorded by spectrofluorometer Perkin Elmer 350 MPF-44B (UK) in 1 or 0.5 cm cuvettes.
amurense bark extracts containing a high content of berberine were prepared as per the previous report.
In recent years, berberine derivatives with various heterocyclic rings, such as thiophene, pyrrole, piperidine, and carbazole, were demonstrated as both acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and butyrylcholinesterase (BuChE) inhibitors [10-12].
suggested that berberine alleviated high glucose-induced apoptosis of podocytes in mouse via increasing the activity of AMPK [44].
Berberine (BBR) is a botanical alkaloid and the major bioactive compound in the Chinese's herb Rhizoma coptidis, which had been utilized to treat diabetes and infection for decades in traditional Chinese medicine [7, 8].
Its berries were used for culinary purposes in ancient Europe and Iran, and the flowers had the function of treating musculoskeletal pain in the theory of TCM for many centuries while current researches have focused on the extract from barberry root, berberine, which belongs to isoquinoline alkaloid.
The plant contains, as major constituents, isoquinoline alkaloids (such as sanguinarine, chelidonine, chelerythrine, berberine, protopine and coptisine), flavonoids, and phenolic acids.
The chapter will discuss the available evidence on soluble fibres from psyllium and other sources, cinnamaldehyde, cinnamic acid and other cinnamon phytochemicals, berberine, corosolic acid from banaba, charantin from bitter gourd, catechins and flavonols from green tea and cocoa.
Modern research indicates that the traditional claims that bloodroot would cure skin cancers are valid, and that experiments being conducted in Japan on methods to reduce brain tumours have included the use of the alkaloid berberine; another constituent; sanguinarine, is now known to prevent dental plaque and is to be found in a number of proprietary toothpastes.
Nutraceuticals such has omega-3 fatty acids, soy proteins, spirulina, lupin, berberine, red yeast rice, and garlic fibers are some of the functional foods that have cholesterol-lowering benefits.