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a. A small tree (Citrus bergamia) commercially grown chiefly in southern Italy for its sour citrus fruits, the rinds of which yield an aromatic oil. Also called bergamot orange.
b. The oil itself, used extensively in perfumery. Also called bergamot oil.
2. Any of various aromatic plants in the genus Monarda of the mint family.
[French bergamote, from Italian bergamotta, from Ottoman Turkish beg armudu, bey's pear (equivalent to modern Turkish bey armudu) : beg, bey; see bey + armut, armud-, pear (from Persian amrūd, from Middle Persian ūrmōd) + -u, possessive suff.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
1. (Plants) Also called: bergamot orange a small Asian spiny rutaceous tree, Citrus bergamia, having sour pear-shaped fruit
2. (Plants) essence of bergamot a fragrant essential oil from the fruit rind of this plant, used in perfumery and some teas (including Earl Grey)
3. (Plants) a Mediterranean mint, Mentha citrata, that yields an oil similar to essence of bergamot
a. wild bergamot a North American plant, Monarda fistulosa, with clusters of purple flowers: family Lamiaceae (labiates)
b. a garden plant of the same genus, usually M. didyma (bee balm), grown for its scarlet or pink flowers
5. (Plants) a variety of pear
[C17: from French bergamote, from Italian bergamotta, of Turkic origin; related to Turkish bey-armudu prince's pear; see bey]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
ber•ga•mot(ˈbɜr gəˌmɒt, -mət)
1. a small citrus tree, Citrus aurantium bergamia, having fruit with a rind that yields a fragrant essential oil.
2. the oil or essence itself.
3. any of various plants of the mint family yielding an oil resembling bergamot.
[1610–20; earlier, a pear variety < French bergamote < Italian bergamotta < Turkish bey armudu literally, bey's pear]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.