beta cell


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beta cell

n.
1. Any of the insulin-producing cells of the islets of Langerhans in the pancreas.
2. Any of the basophilic chromophil cells located in the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

be′ta cell`


n.
a cell in the islets of Langerhans that produces and secretes insulin.
[1925–30]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.beta cell - a cell that produces insulin in the isles of Langerhans in the pancreas
cell - (biology) the basic structural and functional unit of all organisms; they may exist as independent units of life (as in monads) or may form colonies or tissues as in higher plants and animals
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References in periodicals archive ?
In our study, the increased islet diameter seemed to be due to proliferation of islet cells, as our results showed significant increase in beta cell count in CCT-treated diabetic rats.
This study was designed to investigate the pancreatic beta cell apoptosis in the offspring of mildly hyperglycaemic rats.
Bagge et al., "Characterization of stimulus-secretion coupling in the human pancreatic EndoCpH1 beta cell line," PLoS One, vol.
Beta cell regeneration (neogenesis and proliferation) during the neonatal period is critical for the generation of sufficient pancreatic [beta] cell mass/reserve and has a profound impact on long-term protection against T2D [1].
Fasting glucose, pancreatic beta cell function, insulin sensitivity and resistance, serum zinc, and lipids were measured at the beginning and end of the study.
Therapies that are presently available for diabetes focus on reducing the disease symptoms, but there is a huge unmet need for therapies that can either slow or prevent the beta cell loss as there is a rapid loss of cells in type 1 diabetes and progressive loss in type 2 diabetes patients.
Glucokinase as pancreatic beta cell glucose sensor and diabetes gene.
The goal of this collaboration will be to develop a beta cell replacement therapy based on functional human beta cells derived from human stem cells.
Beta cell specific inactivation of the mouse, ipfl/Pdx1 gene results in loss of the beta cell phenotype and maturity onset diabetes.
Butler, "Sustained beta cell apoptosis in patients with long-standing type 1 diabetes: indirect evidence for islet regeneration?" Diabetologia, vol.
In rats, perinatal malnutrition impaired neogenesis and the capacity of beta cell regeneration but preserved beta cell proliferation which remained the only choice to increase beta cell mass.