betaine


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Related to betaine: taurine, betaine hydrochloride

be·ta·ine

 (bē′tə-ēn′, -ĭn)
n.
1. A sweet-tasting crystalline alkaloid, C5H11NO2, found in sugar beets and other plants, used to treat certain metabolic disorders, especially an enzyme defect that causes excessive levels of homocysteine in the blood and urine.
2. Any of several alkaloids with similar structures.

[Latin bēta, beet + -ine.]

betaine

(ˈbiːtəˌiːn; -ɪn; bɪˈteɪiːn; -ɪn)
n
1. (Elements & Compounds) a sweet-tasting alkaloid that occurs in the sugar beet and other plants and in animals. Formula: C5H11NO2
2. (Chemistry) (plural) a group of chemical compounds that resemble betaine and are slightly basic zwitterions
[C19: from New Latin Bēta beet + -ine2]

be•ta•ine

(ˈbi təˌin, -ɪn; bɪˈteɪ in, -ɪn)

n.
a colorless crystalline alkaloid, C5H11NO2, usu. obtained from sugar beets or synthesized from glycine and used in medicine.
[1875–80; < Latin bēta beet + -ine 2]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.betaine - a sweet tasting alkaloid that occurs in sugar beetsbetaine - a sweet tasting alkaloid that occurs in sugar beets
alkaloid - natural bases containing nitrogen found in plants
References in periodicals archive ?
a preparation containing a complex of vitamins: a, b6, d3, b12, e, sun, b1, k3, b3, selenium, nicotinic acid, iodine, betaine, for the prevention of diarrhea (powder), unitary enterprise.
M2 PRESSWIRE-August 7, 2019-: Betaine Market: Emerging Trends & Growing Popularity | Explosive Growth, Business Development, Industry Expansion Strategies and Future Trends by 2022
Tokyo, has patented a hair cleansing composition that is comprised of a sugar, a sugar alcohol, or a mixture thereof; an anionic surfactant wherein at least 50% of said anionic surfactant is the surfactant selected from a group consisting of N-acyl-Nmethyl taurate, N-acyl-glutamate, and a mixture thereof; an alkamidopropyl betaine, an alkyl betaine, or a mixture thereof; a cationic polymer; and an inorganic salt.
The characteristic of the taste substances were tested, such as free amino acids, nucleotides, trimethylamine oxide and betaine. Results showed that umami was the most prominent flavor.
These include fragrances, formaldehyde, and cocamidopropyl betaine. Avoidance of the suspected culprit is very important."
Plants protect themselves from injurious and destructive effects of salt stress by producing different compatible osmoprotectant metabolites such as proline and glycine betaine (Chelli-Chaabouni et al., 2010).
These roots are also full of betaine, a plant alkaloid, and folate, a B vitamin.
17 April 2017 - US-based drugmaker Recordati Rare Diseases Inc has acquired North American marketing rights to Cystadane (betaine anhydrous for oral solution), the company said.
The direct oxidation product of choline is betaine, which is a methyl donor in homocysteine remethylation, and also plays an important role in maintaining cellular volume and stability (3).
Accordingly, glucose and LDL/VLDL were considered to be in high abundance in Con group, while betaine, creatine, and lactate were considered to be characteristics of Mod group.
A randomised trial of Boswellia in association with betaine and myo-inosotol in the management of breast fibroadenomas.
The traits proline, glycine betaine and sugar were observed to have highly significant positive correlations with osmotic adjustment, both at genotypic and phenotypic levels under drought stress.