betatron


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be·ta·tron

 (bā′tə-trŏn′, bē′-)
n.
A magnetic induction electron accelerator capable of accelerating electrons to energies of several hundred million electron volts.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

betatron

(ˈbiːtəˌtrɒn)
n
(Atomic Physics) a type of particle accelerator for producing high-energy beams of electrons, having an alternating magnetic field to keep the electrons in a circular orbit of fixed radius and accelerate them by magnetic induction. It produces energies of up to about 300 MeV
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

be•ta•tron

(ˈbeɪ təˌtrɒn; esp. Brit. ˈbi-)
n.
an accelerator in which electrons are accelerated to high energies by an electric field.
[1940–45; beta (see beta particle) + -tron]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.betatron - accelerates a continuous beam of electrons to high speeds by means of the electric field produced by changing magnetic flux
atom smasher, particle accelerator, accelerator - a scientific instrument that increases the kinetic energy of charged particles
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
References in periodicals archive ?
have presented the dispersion characteristics of the space charge waves in a uniform and rigid rotation REB in ion channel without betatron oscillations [19].
The effect of radiation on the esophagus: a clinical and histologic study of the effects produced by the betatron. Radiol.
Relativistic electron beams from ultraintense laser plasma interactions can be conceived to be compact particle accelerators, inspiring a wide range of applications of unique particle beam and radiation sources as well as downsizing large-scale particle accelerators such as radiation sources of THz, (18) betatron X-ray radiation, (19) X-ray free electron lasers (20,21) and high-energy frontier colliders, (22, 23) some of which have been illustrated in the review article of this Journal.
Until the flight of the Prognoz satellites this opinion was widely accepted and it was assumed that particle acceleration in such flares is due to betatron mechanism which has a low efficiency for the acceleration of heavy particles.
Szil?rd, Donald Kerst and Ernest Lawrence are considered as pioneers of this field, conceiving and building the first operational linear particle accelerator, the betatron, and the cyclotron.
betatron acceleration\BAY-tuh-trahn ak-seh-leh-RAY-shun\n.
To avoid the slow crossing of betatron resonances associated with a typical low energy-gain per turn, the first FFAGs designed and constructed so far have been based on the "scaling" principle.
Another finalist was Dr John A Mills, radiotherapy physics manager at University Hospitals Coventry and Warwickshire NHS Trust, for his Compact Betatron Total Skin Electron Treatment Unit.
The red giants and supergiants produce large nuclei copiously in their interiors, the novae and supernovae do so explosively, and the magnetic stars manufacture heavy elements near their surfaces by the betatron effect....