Visible and Invisible Obstacles of the Bhikkhuni
Movement in Thailand.
The order of Buddhist Nuns, the Bhikkhuni
Order, was established by the Buddha himself in the fifth year following his enlightenment, but for a variety of unpleasant historical reasons, it had been extinct since 1017 C.
bhikkhave ti yo koci bhikkhu va bhikkhuni
va upasako va upasika va.
Thirdly, Anagarika Dharmapala urged the re-establishment of the Bhikkhuni
Order in the various Buddhist countries where it had ceased to exist; he wrote extensively of this in his published diaries.
tena kho pana samayena Sundarinanda bhikkhuni
Salhena Migaranattuna gabbhini hoti.
Thich Nu Chan Khong (representing Zen Master Thich Nhat Hanh)
Ito shows how Buddhadasa navigated away from the sensitive bhikkhuni
issue, probably because that would have been an impossible subject to raise due to the public's negative opinion about bhikkhuni
ordination and the sangha s firm resistance to bhikkhuni
Kabilsingh, The Bhikkhuni
Patimokkha of the Six Schools (Bangkok: Buddha Dharma Education Association, 1991): 16-19.
She shows that Buddhadasa dragged his feet on bhikkhuni
reform, that he ignored Narin's early ordination movement for women, and that he came to seriously think about women's practice only after his sister's illness in the last few years of his own life.
Rattanavali is the founder of the Outstanding Women in Buddhism Awards Committee.
The Thai Bhikkhuni
Movement and Women's Empowerment".
Achaan Brahm from Western Australia has given a very clear and moving interview on bhikkhuni