acidosis

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Related to bicarbonate ion: hydrogen carbonate, Carbonic anhydrase, Hco3

ac·i·do·sis

 (ăs′ĭ-dō′sĭs)
n.
1. Abnormally high acidity of the blood and body tissues caused by a deficiency of bicarbonates or an excess of acids other than carbonic acid. It can result from any of various acute or chronic disorders or from the ingestion of certain drugs and toxins. Also called metabolic acidosis.
2. Abnormally high acidity of the blood and body tissues caused by an excess of carbon dioxide due to hypoventilation. Also called respiratory acidosis.

ac′i·dot′ic (-dŏt′ĭk) adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

acidosis

(ˌæsɪˈdəʊsɪs)
n
(Pathology) a condition characterized by an abnormal increase in the acidity of the blood and extracellular fluids
acidotic adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

ac•i•do•sis

(ˌæs ɪˈdoʊ sɪs)

n.
a blood condition in which the bicarbonate concentration is below normal.
[1900]
ac`i•dot′ic (-ˈdɒt ɪk) adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

acidosis

Medicine. a condition of the blood in which the alkali reserve is lower than normal. Also called acid intoxication, autointoxication.acidotic, adj.
See also: Blood and Blood Vessels
a condition of the blood in which the alkali reserve is lower than normal. Also called acid intoxication, autointoxication. — acidotic, adj.
See also: Disease and Illness
-Ologies & -Isms. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.acidosis - abnormally high acidity (excess hydrogen-ion concentration) of the blood and other body tissuesacidosis - abnormally high acidity (excess hydrogen-ion concentration) of the blood and other body tissues
diabetic acidosis, ketoacidosis - acidosis with an accumulation of ketone bodies; occurs primarily in diabetes mellitus
metabolic acidosis - acidosis and bicarbonate concentration in the body fluids resulting either from the accumulation of acids or the abnormal loss of bases from the body (as in diarrhea or renal disease)
carbon dioxide acidosis, respiratory acidosis - acidosis resulting from reduced gas exchange in the lungs (as in emphysema or pneumonia); excess carbon dioxide combines with water to form carbonic acid which increases the acidity of the blood
starvation acidosis - acidosis in which the acidity results from lack of food which leads to fat catabolism which in turn releases acidic ketone bodies
pathology - any deviation from a healthy or normal condition
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
AcidosisAzidose
asidoosihappomyrkytys
acidosis
アシドーシス酸性症
산성증
acidosis

ac·i·do·sis

n. acidosis, exceso de acidez en la sangre y los tejidos del cuerpo;
diabetic ______ diabética;
metabolic ______ metabólica.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
It was confirmed that the precipitation of calcium carbonate was influenced by calcium ion, bicarbonate ion, pH, flow rate, temperature, and saturation index [9, 10].
After collection, samples were immediately stored in ice and then analyzed with a portable clinical analyzer (I-Stat[R] Analyzer, Abbot Point of Care Inc., East Windsor, New Jersey, USA, with CG4 + and CG8 + cartridges) to determine the following variables: pH, partial pressure of carbon dioxide (pC[O.sub.2]), partial pressure of oxygen (p[O.sub.2]), bicarbonate ion (HC[O.sup.-.sub.3]), base excess (BE), lactate, hematocrit (Hct) and concentrations of sodium (Na+), potassium (K+) and chloride (Cl-).
Of the different types of RTA associated with hypokalemia, distal RTA may be due to a defect in proximal tubular reabsorption found in the bicarbonate ion (HC[O.sub.3]) in type 2 RTA or a defect involving impaired distal tubular [H.sup.+] secretion in [H.sup.+]-ATPase/[H.sup.+][K.sup.+] ATPase (type 1 RTA).
According to the most recent analyses the composition of "Mivela" is as follows: bicarbonate ion (from 1990 to 2073 mg/L), free CO2 (from 500 to 872 mg/L), sodium ion (from 109 to 127 mg/L), calcium ion (from 21.2 to 25.1 mg/L), potassium (from 7.9 to 8.7 mg/L) and trace elements boron (390 [??] g/L), strontium (358 [??] g/L) and lithium (330 [??] g/L).
Although the present study did not analyze pH alterations, the dose of NaHC[O.sub.3] (0.3 mg*[kg.sup.-1]) was used in other studies (18,24,30) and showed to be effective in changing pH and the concentration of bicarbonate ion. The [[La.sup.-]] was significantly higher at the end of the last 100 m effort (placebo: 15.67 [+ or -] 3.29 mmol*[l.sup.-1] and SB: 17.93 [+ or -] 3.80 mmol*[l.sup.-1]; P<0.05).
This bicarbonate ion can continuously react with the hydrogen ions present in the solution according to; HC [O.sub.3(aq).sup.-] + [H.sup.+.sub.(aq)] [left and right arrow] [H.sub.2]C[O.sub.3(aq)][ K.sub.al] = 2.5x [10.sup.-4] at 25[degrees]C
Determined primarily by the relationship between dissolved carbon dioxide and the bicarbonate ion concentration in the blood.
Sodium bicarbonate and potassium carbonate were used as the pore forming agents as the mechanism of the reaction differs for bicarbonate ion and carbonate ion with acetic acid.
The hydrochemical modelling, performed by the PHREEQC software, showed that sulphate and bicarbonate ions are the main compounds that precipitate barium ion out of the solute, although bicarbonate ion has practically no influence when barium ion concentrations are low (<I 0 mg/L).