bile acid


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Related to bile acid: bile salt

bile acid

n.
Any of the liver-generated steroid acids, such as cholic acid, that commonly occur in the bile in combination with glycine and taurine as sodium salts.

bile′ ac`id


n.
any of various steroid acids that emulsify fats during digestion. Compare bile salt.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.bile acid - any of the steroid acids generated in the liver and stored with bile
steroid - any of several fat-soluble organic compounds having as a basis 17 carbon atoms in four rings; many have important physiological effects
cholic acid - an insoluble crystalline acid present in bile
Translations
Gallensäure
acido biliare
References in periodicals archive ?
The bile acid also was approved as adjunctive treatment of peroxisomal disorders including Zellweger spectrum disorders in patients who exhibit manifestations of liver disease, steatorrhea, or complications from decreased fat-soluble vitamin absorption.
Hypocholesterolemia of Rhizoma Coptidis alkaloids is related to the bile acid by up-regulated CYP7A1 in hyperlipidemic rats.
Taurine reduces bilirubin, total bile acids, and biliary glycine:taurine ratio within one week in patients with hepatitis as compared to controls.
Prior to this study, the functional impact of individual bacterial bile acid modifications on the host were not well understood, and this research provides insight into some of the physiological consequences that may arise from dysbiosis of the microbiota.
La Mesa, "Supra-molecular association and polymorphic behaviour in systems containing bile acid salts," Molecules, vol.
Clinical value of maternal bile Acid quantification in intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy as an adverse perinatal outcome predictor.
For example, the gut microbiome modifies primary bile acids to secondary bile acids (Ridlon et al.
For example, although a citric acid solution can be ingested in patients without intestinal obstruction, the degree of acidity or alkalinity will be altered under the influence of digestive juices such as gastric acid, bile acid, and a mucus-rich, bicarbonate-containing, alkaline juice produced by Brunner's glands.
Asciutti et al., "3[alpha]-6[alpha]-Dihydroxy-7[alpha]-fluoro-5[beta]-cholanoate (UPF-680), physicochemical and physiological properties of a new fluorinated bile acid that prevents 17[alpha]-ethynyl-estradiol-induced cholestasis in rats," Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology, vol.
We aimed to assess bile acid profiles in patients with C.
Peculiarly, in spite of high aminotransferase (alanine aminotransferase [ALT] 174 U/L, aspartate aminotransferase [AST] 195 U/L) and bilirubin (total bilirubin [TBIL] 106.0 [micro]mol/L, direct bilirubin [DBIL] 78.30 [micro]mol/L) levels, the patient had normal a-glutamyltransferase (GGT, 24 U/L) and total bile acid (2.2 [micro]mol/L) concentrations, which led us to consider the possibility of BASD.