1]), demonstrated that this nematode controls the billbug
and enhance cane productivity (Leite et al.
This situation has been further complicated by the importation of billbug
infested turfgrass from the U.
Varieties high in endophytes are not usually attacked by above-ground feeders such as chinch bugs, sod webworms, billbug
adults, aphids, and cutworms.
Verl is susceptible to feeding damage from the maize billbug
, Sphenophorus maidis (Chittenden), and the southern cornstalk borer, Diatraea crambidoides (Grote).
Insect problems vary regionally and seasonally In Idaho's Snake River basin, billbug
is a summer problem.
Huang & Buss (2009) reported that > 80% of all billbug
adults collected from pitfall traps located on 4 golf courses in Florida were S.
Southern masked chafer Cyclocephala lurida Northern masked chafer Cyclocephala borealis European chafer Rhizotrogus majalis Green June beetle Cotinus nitida Asiatic garden beetle Maladera castanea Oriental beetle Exomala orientalis Black turfgrass ataenius Ataenius spretulus Bluegrass billbug
Sphenophorus parvulus Denver billbug
Sphenophorus cicatristriatus Hunting billbug
Sphenophorus venatus vestitus Phoenix billbug
Sphenophorus phoeniciensis Tawny mole cricket Scapteriscus vicinus Southern mole cricket Scapteriscus borellii Short-winged mole cricket Scapteriscus abbreviatus Wireworms Various genera and species Ground pearls Margarodes spp.
Bordeaux exhibited moderately good resistance to billbug
The hunting billbug
, Sphenophorus venatus vestitus (Chittenden) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), is an abundant, widespread, and damaging billbug
species in the U.
For example, using a March 1 starting date, the first activity of bluegrass billbug
adults in the spring occurs between 280 and 350 degree days (base = 50[degrees]F).
We did not observe billbug
injury on bottlebrush grass at Beltsville or Big Flats.
The hunting billbug
(HBB) (Sphenophorus venatus vestitus Chittenden) has been listed as a damaging pest of turfgrass from New Jersey (Johnson-Cicalese & Funk 1990), south to Georgia (Morrill & Suber 1976) and Florida (Kelsheimer 1956); west to Kansas (Brissell & Clark 1968), Texas, California, and Hawaii (Davis & Krauss 1964; LaPlante 1966) and throughout the Caribbean Islands (Vaurie 1951; Vittum et al.