attainder

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Related to bills of attainder: Act of Attainder

at·tain·der

 (ə-tān′dər)
n.
1. Under English common law, the state of having lost one's legal and civil personhood, as through losing the legal capacity to own or pass on property.
2. Obsolete Dishonor.

[Middle English atteindre, act of attainting, from Old French ataindre, to convict, affect, attainder; see attain.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

attainder

(əˈteɪndə)
n
1. (Law) (formerly) the extinction of a person's civil rights resulting from a sentence of death or outlawry on conviction for treason or felony. See also bill of attainder
2. obsolete dishonour
Archaic equivalent: attainture
[C15: from Anglo-French attaindre to convict, from Old French ateindre to attain]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

at•tain•der

(əˈteɪn dər)

n.
1. the extinction of a person's civil rights upon being sentenced to death or outlawry for treason or a felony.
2. Obs. dishonor.
[1425–75; late Middle English, n. use of Anglo-French attaindre to convict, Old French ataindre to convict, attain]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.attainder - cancellation of civil rights
cancellation - the act of cancelling; calling off some arrangement
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations

attainder

[əˈteɪndəʳ] N (Jur) → extinción f de los derechos civiles de un individuo
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005
References in classic literature ?
By a limited Constitution, I understand one which contains certain specified exceptions to the legislative authority; such, for instance, as that it shall pass no bills of attainder, no ex post facto laws, and the like.
That raises the legal concept of a bill of attainder: "a legislative act which convicts specific persons or an ascertainable class and punishes them for crimes without judicial trial." Bills of attainder, Puno noted in his essay, originated in England around the year 1300.
That misstates the originality of the claim: The Constitution before the Bill of Rights already protected critical individual rights, including the right to a jury trial in criminal cases and prohibition against retroactive laws and bills of attainder. (28) The supremacy clause of the Constitution, prior to the Bill of Rights, had already provided that the U.S.
McKinley included some other constitutional rights in his list, such as the prohibitions on slavery, ex post facto laws, and bills of attainder. See Kepner, 195 U.S.
The list of unqualified rights certainly includes the prohibition on bills of attainder. (347) Bills of attainder were commonly enacted during wars and rebellions as a means of punishing individuals without trial.
To the Framers, enshrining prohibitions against bills of attainder in the Constitution (1) was essential to prevent tyranny.
(225) Most recently, death warrants issued by the Executive have been described as bills of attainder. (226) On July 18, 2012, the American Civil Liberties Union and the Center for Constitutional Rights invoked the Article I provision in their lawsuit for the wrongful deaths of Awlaki, Samir Khan, and Awlaki's teenaged son.
Then you might hope to show that a questionable proposal is at least analogous to something clearly forbidden (as overly invidious laws have at times been compared with prohibited bills of attainder, though technically they are not bills of attainder if they do not impose explicit criminal penalties).
Truman (1949) stated that the original rider that the new provision continues "violated the spirit, if not the letter, of the Constitutional provisions for separation of legislative and executive functions and the Constitutional prohibition against bills of attainder. There can be no justification for the use of the appropriation power for such a purpose." A bill of attainder is a declaration of the legislature that finds an individual or group guilty of a crime and punishes them without a trial.
This was the ban on bills of attainder. A bill of attainder is a legislative act taking the property or liberty of a person or group without compensation and without a trial.
282 ("Bills of attainder [and] ex post facto laws ...