The department is inextricably linked with the brutal image of an August night a half-century ago, when police officers wielding billy clubs
pummeled anti-war protesters during the 1968 Democratic National Convention.
This historical romance could be a sequel to "On The Road" as it revives the feel (or vibe) of the Beat presence in North Beach, San Francisco, circa 1960: Kenneth Rexroth reading poetry to jazz at the Cellar nightclub, cops wielding billy clubs
and fire hoses on the rampage at San Francisco City Hall during the House on Un-American Activities Committee hearings, and the Paris of the Beat Hotel where Ginsberg and Bourroughs, among others, called home while they lived off and on in Paris in the late 1950's and early 60's.
The remedy using police to engage these boys with basketballs and billy clubs
, depending on the situation, created an intense relationship that boys in upper-class towns and neighborhoods never had to negotiate.
Their operation was conducted without firearms, billy clubs
, stun guns, tear gas or handcuffs.
When Conyes began his career in 1879, billy clubs
and firearms were used to keep order, and prisoners were punished by being hung from the wrists in handcuffs, flogged and/or placed in a dungeon with no light, bedding or sound, and only bread and water for nourishment.
Back then, Lewis was one of about 600 demonstrators who set out on a 50-mile march to Montgomery for voting rights, when County Sheriff Jim Clarks deputies and state troopers met them at the foot of the bridge and attacked them with billy clubs
and tear gas.
"We gather here to honour the courage of ordinary Americans willing to endure billy clubs
and the chastening rod, tear gas and the trampling hoof, men and women who despite the gush of blood and splintered bone would stay true to their North Star and keep marching toward justice."
The weavers raised their hands across their faces, hands that knew the loom as their fathers' hands knew the loom, and the billy clubs
broke their fingers.
The event marks the 50th anniversary of the "Bloody Sunday,'' when law enforcement used billy clubs
and tear gas to rout marchers intent on walking 50 miles to Montgomery on March 7, 1965, to seek the right for blacks to register to vote.
Elements like vehicles, guns, billy clubs
, furniture and costumes--all well documented in thousands of photos and newsreels--had to be gathered or created.
Police attacked the marchers with billy clubs
and tear gas on Bloody Sunday, as the first day of the march came to be known.
Across every entrance to the town, barricades are manned by men, some armed with automatic weapons, other with hunting rifles and most others with a variety of billy clubs
, baseball bats, heavy sticks and lengths of steel rebar.