precedent

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prec·e·dent

 (prĕs′ĭ-dənt)
n.
1.
a. An act or instance that may be used as an example in dealing with subsequent similar instances.
b. Law A judicial decision that is binding on other equal or lower courts in the same jurisdiction as to its conclusion on a point of law, and may also be persuasive to courts in other jurisdictions, in subsequent cases involving sufficiently similar facts.
2. Convention or custom arising from long practice: The president followed historical precedent in forming the Cabinet.
adj. (prĭ-sēd′nt, prĕs′ĭ-dənt)
Preceding.

[Middle English, from Old French, from Latin praecēdēns, praecēdent-, present participle of praecēdere, to go before; see precede.]

precedent

n
1. (Law) law a judicial decision that serves as an authority for deciding a later case
2. an example or instance used to justify later similar occurrences
adj
preceding

prec•e•dent

(n. ˈprɛs ɪ dənt; adj. prɪˈsid nt, ˈprɛs ɪ dənt)

n.
1. an act or instance that may serve as an example or justification for subsequent situations.
2. a legal decision serving as an authoritative rule or pattern in similar cases that follow.
3. established practice; custom: to break with precedent.
adj.
4. preceding; prior.
pre•ce•dent
[1350–1400; Middle English < Latin praecēdent- (s. of praecēdēns), present participle of praecēdere to go before, precede (see -ent)]
prec`e•den′tial (-ˈdɛn ʃəl) adj.

precedent

A decision made by a court that is taken as authorization or a standard in a subsequent case.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.precedent - an example that is used to justify similar occurrences at a later time
example, instance, illustration, representative - an item of information that is typical of a class or group; "this patient provides a typical example of the syndrome"; "there is an example on page 10"
2.precedent - (civil law) a law established by following earlier judicial decisionsprecedent - (civil law) a law established by following earlier judicial decisions
service - (law) the acts performed by an English feudal tenant for the benefit of his lord which formed the consideration for the property granted to him
civil law - the body of laws established by a state or nation for its own regulation
3.precedent - a system of jurisprudence based on judicial precedents rather than statutory laws; "common law originated in the unwritten laws of England and was later applied in the United States"
law, jurisprudence - the collection of rules imposed by authority; "civilization presupposes respect for the law"; "the great problem for jurisprudence to allow freedom while enforcing order"
4.precedent - a subject mentioned earlier (preceding in time)
subject, theme, topic - the subject matter of a conversation or discussion; "he didn't want to discuss that subject"; "it was a very sensitive topic"; "his letters were always on the theme of love"
Adj.1.precedent - preceding in time, order, or significance
preceding - existing or coming before

precedent

noun instance, example, authority, standard, model, pattern, criterion, prototype, paradigm, antecedent, exemplar, previous example The trial could set an important precedent for similar cases.

precedent

noun
A closely similar case in existence or in the past:
adjective
Translations
سابِقَه
precedens
præcedens
ennakkotapaus
precedens
fordæmi
先例判例
사례
precedens
precedens

precedent

[ˈpresɪdənt] Nprecedente m (also Jur)
according to precedentde acuerdo con los precedentes
against all precedentcontra todos los precedentes
without precedentsin precedentes
to break with precedentromper con todo precedente
to establish or set a precedent (for sth)sentar un precedente (para algo)

precedent

[ˈprɛsɪdənt] nprécédent m
precedent for sth → précédent à qch
to establish a precedent → créer un précédent
to set a precedent → créer un précédent
without precedent → sans précédent

precedent

nPräzedenzfall m; (Jur also) → Präjudiz nt; according to precedentnach den bisherigen Fällen; against all the precedentsentgegen allen früheren Fällen; without precedentnoch nie da gewesen; to establish or create or set a precedenteinen Präzedenzfall schaffen; to break with precedentdem Präzedenzfall nicht mehr folgen; is there any precedent for this?ist der Fall schon einmal da gewesen?; there is no precedent for this decisiondiese Entscheidung kann sich nicht an einem vergleichbaren Fall ausrichten

precedent

[ˈprɛsɪdnt] n (also) (Law) → precedente m
without precedent → senza precedenti
to establish or set a precedent → creare un precedente

precede

(priˈsiːd) verb
to go, happen etc before. She preceded him into the room.
precedence (ˈpresidəns) noun
(the right of) going before in order of importance etc. This matter is urgent and should be given precedence over others at the moment.
ˌprecedent (ˈpresidənt) noun
a past action, especially a legal decision, which may act as a guide or rule in the future.
preˈceding adjective
on the preceding page.
References in periodicals archive ?
The justices' decisions set no binding precedents. They left their check on the governor's power partially undefined.
The above table proves that judicial decisions become binding precedents for the determination of like cases in the future.
The judgment is unconstitutional and contrary to many binding precedents of this Court and adversely affects and nullifies the fundamental rights granted to citizens under Article 19( 1)( c) of the Constitution, it has said, adding the judgment outsources judicial power to a committee of retired judges, which is impermissible in law.
The creation of rules and principles that regulate the use of precedents and the determination and acceptance of their authority are quite recent, especially the notion of binding precedents, which is even more.
Multi-nationals also prefer to have disputes resolved in English under a more familiar common law legal system which recognises the doctrine of legally binding precedents.
But what about cases in which judges face binding precedents, such as those within the same circuit?
behind passing [section] 158(d)(2) were (1) to create binding precedents
Prior FIFRA arbitrations only provide guidance as to how some arbitrators have resolved the issue of cost sharing in a given data compensation dispute and do not serve as binding precedents. Given the nature of the pesticide regulatory process and FIFRA arbitrations, the unique facts and complex circumstances of each case are critical in determining the relevant components of the compensation award.
As David Currie points out in his magisterial book on The Constitution in Congress, (30) the first Congresses to sit under the Constitution set forth many binding precedents as to constitutional meaning, so Madison's view that statutory enactments, unquestioned in the other two branches, might fix a construction according to the general will of the nation is not surprising.
Given these two serious problems with the statute, it is debatable whether any constitutional and practically workable statute can prevent the citation of written determinations as binding precedents while allowing their citation as non-binding precedents.
Thus, the Supreme Court's unquestionably binding precedents clearly establish that higher court decisions are stare decisis on lower courts.
A major factor influencing choice of forum are the binding precedents developed by each court on the issues involved in the taxpayer's case.