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The impairment or degradation of something, such as a ship's hull or mechanical equipment, as a result of the growth or activity of living organisms.

bi′o·foul′er n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


the degradation of an artificial surface by biological growth
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
References in periodicals archive ?
provide standards for biofouling removal, or detail measures to treat
It was the first in the region to be awarded the coveted International Clean Marina Accreditation, and it has collaborated on a variety of world-leading research projects such as pioneering work on oyster longlines and biofouling coatings.
Steel Pipe Coatings -- Competitive Landscape Innovation in the development of steel pipe coatings for marine environment received a huge boost after new research introduced the concept of producing coatings to prevent biofouling activities.
These catsharks live on the ocean bottom, yet we don't see any biofouling or growth, so this could help explain yet another amazing feature of shark skin," Gruber says.
Above all, in the drip bodies can lead to impurities biofouling processes and thus to bacterial growth.
According to the study, sturdy demand for marine coating products to increase the vessel's life by preventing it from biofouling and corrosion will propel the market size.
The biofouling process starts immediately after a substrate comes into contact with seawater.
To avoid complications associated with acute lantern net biofouling, such as the inhibition of food supply to scallops, fouled nets were replaced with clean nets during monthly sampling events.
Pathogenic biofilms that form on food processing equipment and processing surfaces are of great concern, because these can readily lead to food spoilage, biofouling and even foodborne illness.
The efficacy of the active biocide ingredients used in antifouling bottom paint to contain and impede the growth of biofouling on boat hulls is of global economic concern, given that costs associated with mitigating the damage caused by invasive species are escalating, especially in coastal waters where fouling nutrients are concentrated.
This problem is further aggravated when they are used to treat high-salinity wastewater because microbial community characteristics play an important role in biofouling [14].