bioherm


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Related to bioherm: biostrome

bi·o·herm

 (bī′ō-hûrm′)
n.
A massive, usually mound-shaped structure found in sedimentary rock strata, produced by the accretion of organic carbonate by a variety of marine invertebrates, such as corals and mollusks, and algae.

[bio- + Greek herma, sunken rock, reef (of unknown origin).]

bioherm

(ˈbaɪəʊˌhɜːm)
n
1. (Biology) a mound of material laid down by sedentary marine organisms, esp a coral reef
2. (Biology) the fossilized remains of such a mound
[C20: from bio- + Greek herma submerged rock]
References in periodicals archive ?
It appears that the rigid, en echelon shields formed by jointed arm branches are an adaptation to strengthening the crown and gathering food in highly variable, strong currents in a shallow reef or bioherm environment.
This microfacies is interpreted to be formed by in-situ organisms as an organic reef (Bioherm) in margin of platform and was located above the fair-weather wave base (FWWB)[69].
Wilson [14] describes the reef platform as, "a bioherm ...
We prefer to use the term bioherm to describe these features as they are considered to be composed of trapped sediments and both living and dead bivalves, while others (Paull et al.
schmitti was collected from a wide sabellarian bioherm in Burrows Channel, Fidalgo Island (northern Puget Sound, Washington).
The lithological change from oolitic grain banks during Cambrian Series 3 to bioherm bearing massive micrites and calcareous mudstone with lenses of edgewise conglomerates in Changshan and Fengshan formations represents the depositional pattern of the skeleton-poor stormy sea during the Furongian marked by an increase in microbial carbonate buildups.
The best exposed bioherm is a biodetrital mound located in a road cut on Highway 157 in Lawrence County, Alabama (Site H157, latitude 30[degrees] 24' 38" N, longitude 87[degrees] 49' 51" W; Fig.
describe ultrastructural features of porostromate microproblematica from a Mulde Event (Homerian) bioherm in Podolia, Western Ukraine, and Vendrasco and Checa illustrate shell microstructure and its inheritance in the calcitic helcionellid Mackinnonia.
The outcrop is exposed in a narrow vertical trench and the geometry of the bioherm is not entirely visible.
(6) Finally, at the middle Oxfordian, early Transversarium Chronozone the whole platform was homogeneized again and underwent a slow, uniform subsidence, favouring the recovery of subtidal conditions and development of sponge limestone bioherm and biostrome facies.
This study examines the sedimentary features of the fossilized calcimicrobes and the development of the microbialitic bioherms in response to relative sea-level changes within Series 3 Gushan Formation and Furongian Changshan and Fengshan formations.