biologism


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Related to biologism: Biodeterminism

biologism

(baɪˈɒləˌdʒɪzəm)
n
(Biology) the explanation of human behaviour through biology

bi•ol•o•gism

(baɪˈɒl əˌdʒɪz əm)

n.
the use or emphasis of biological principles in explaining human, esp. social, behavior.
[1850–55]

biologism

a theory or doctrine based on a biological viewpoint. — biologistic, adj.
See also: Biology
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.biologism - use of biological principles in explaining human especially social behavior
practice, pattern - a customary way of operation or behavior; "it is their practice to give annual raises"; "they changed their dietary pattern"
References in periodicals archive ?
Social Construction, Roving Biologism, and Reasonable Women: A Response to Professor Epstein.
The author concludes that language gender ideologies are at the same time founded on ideologies of biologism and evolutionism, and ideologies of faith, family, and nation, but also intertwined with them, so it is not possible to interpret them separately.
Quoting from Heidegger's 1942-43 seminar on Parmenides, Agamben refers at this moment to "the oblivion of being" that lies at the bottom of biologism of the nineteenth century as "a monstrous anthropomorphization of the animal and a corresponding animalization of humanity" (Agamben 58).
In the fourth and fifth chapters he aims to clarify the distinction between biologism and bioaesthetics in more detail.
The idea of "support" invokes the classic ground-grounded relation, immediately inviting further transcendental terms that now invade Agamben's account: "For in Kojeve's reading of Hegel, man is not a biologically defined species, nor is he a substance given once and for all; he is, rather, a field of dialectical tensions always already cut by internal caesurae that every time separate--at least virtually--'anthropophorous' animality and the humanity which takes bodily form in it." (25) Whereas on the surface this is indeed a disavowal of the kind of crude foundationalism that would simply posit ahistorical substances or biological substrates in a respective essentialism or biologism, it has in fact merely repeated the same kind of transcendental logic on a more subtle level.
We can have a ruthlessly self-consistent system, like Hitler's biologism or Stalin's Marxism, but it will not be human.
But this biologism plays little role in what follows: it would have sufficed for him to note they are important.
(11) Recent scholarship interprets Nietzsche's will to power as an alternative evolutionary mechanism to Darwinian natural selection, while still locating Nietzsche within the movement of 19th-century "biologism." This biologism included the search for natural explanations in ethics, psychology, aesthetics, and other traditional areas of philosophical inquiry.
Fictive notions of difference between men and women can be found in theories such as essentialism or biologism that suggests an individual has a "true nature" or essential core identity.
Accusations of biologism or essentialism plague contemporary theoretical debates, which are marked, particularly in the Anglo-American context, by a predominant investment in matters of "gender" over those framed around "sex" and sexuality (the shift from Women's Studies to Gender Studies departments in the U.S.
I am a little mystified by their implied biologism, by the idea that traceable origins or conception determine the identity of anthropology.

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