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n. (used with a sing. verb)
The science of ecology.
[From French bionomique, pertaining to ecology, from bionomie, ecology : Greek bio-, bio- + Greek -nomiā, -nomy.]
bi′o·nom′ic, bi′o·nom′i·cal adj.
[C19: from bio- + nomics on pattern of economics]
e•col•o•gy(ɪˈkɒl ə dʒi)
1. the branch of biology dealing with the relations and interactions between organisms and their environment.
2. the set of relationships existing between organisms and their environment.
3. Also called human ecology. the branch of sociology concerned with the spacing and interdependence of people and institutions.
4. the advocacy of protection of the air, water, and other natural resources from pollution or its effects; environmentalism.
[1870–75; earlier oecology < German Ökologie (1868) < Greek oîk(os) house + -o- -o- + German -logie -logy]
ec•o•log•i•cal (ˌɛk əˈlɒdʒ ɪ kəl, ˌi kə-) ec`o•log′ic, adj.
ecology, Also bionomy. — bionomist, n. — bionomic, bionomical, adj.See also: Environment
ecology. — bionomist, n. — bionomic, bionomical, adj.See also: Biology
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|Noun||1.||bionomics - the branch of biology concerned with the relations between organisms and their environment|
biotic community, community - (ecology) a group of interdependent organisms inhabiting the same region and interacting with each other
association - (ecology) a group of organisms (plants and animals) that live together in a certain geographical region and constitute a community with a few dominant species
food chain - (ecology) a community of organisms where each member is eaten in turn by another member
food pyramid - (ecology) a hierarchy of food chains with the principal predator at the top; each level preys on the level below
food cycle, food web - (ecology) a community of organisms where there are several interrelated food chains
ecesis, establishment - (ecology) the process by which a plant or animal becomes established in a new habitat
ecological succession, succession - (ecology) the gradual and orderly process of change in an ecosystem brought about by the progressive replacement of one community by another until a stable climax is established
ecological niche, niche - (ecology) the status of an organism within its environment and community (affecting its survival as a species)
cosmopolitan, widely distributed - growing or occurring in many parts of the world; "a cosmopolitan herb"; "cosmopolitan in distribution"
endemic - native to or confined to a certain region; "the islands have a number of interesting endemic species"