The lack of protection against biopiracy
has resulted in the piracy of genetic resources, she said.
The oral nature of indigenous knowledge has also resulted in widespread misuse, misappropriation and biopiracy
Integrating biodiversity management and indigenous biopiracy
protection to promote environmental justice and global health, Am J Public Health.
Her historical work, however, only suggests the ways that contemporary biopiracy
retains the connection between colonialism in history and the contemporary knowledge base, where colonized peoples, especially women, are treated as nature itself, allowing Eurocentric notions of property to take hold, employing the same logic John Locke used to advance colonialism to define medical knowledge as nature and genetic engineering as its improvement, or as Vandana Shiva writes a world in which "the cultural and intellectual contributions of non-Western knowledge systems are being systematically erased" (1997, 5).
Lorna Dwyer, Biopiracy
, Trade, and Sustainable Development, 19 COLO.
Some specific topics addressed include films using Indigenous content, resale of Indigenous Australian art, biopiracy
in Europe, Indigenous knowledge and the patent system, and racial discrimination law as a means of protecting collective identity.
mainly focuses on the use of biological resources and/or knowledge of indigenous tribes or communities without allowing them to share the revenues generated out of economic exploitation or other non-monetary incentives associated with the resource/knowledge.
This knowledge is a precious heritage, accumulated over the years and deserves to be protected, both for future generation, and from biopiracy
and unjustified patenting by others, by placing them in public domain, he added.
Aware that it would be impossible to control the sharing of knowledge or distinguish between what was given out voluntarily and what was obtained illegally, the constituent assembly that drafted the Constitution included language that would at least help Ecuador avoid biopiracy
Preeminent amongst these are issues surrounding first use and biopiracy
is also viewed as the appropriation of biodiversity from its original owners and innovators through the creative definition of seeds, medicinal plants, and associated medical knowledge as nature, thereby removing the plant materials from patent eligibility.
or bioprospecting is the term used to refer to the commercialization of biologically-based resources -- including knowledge gained from the characteristics of plants and animals -- that is then used for profit (i.