CD of the fetus in the OP position may be indicated when the fetus is estimated to be macrosomic, the station is high (biparietal
diameter palpable on abdominal examination), or when the parturient has an android pelvis (narrow fore-pelvis and anterior convergence of the pelvic bone structures in a wedge shape).
Fetal measurements included biparietal
diameter, abdominal circumference, and femur length.
Additionally, the patient had severe biparietal
headache episodes in the morning lasting for two hours.
Disorders causing moderate dysfunction or sequelae of the CNS, its covers and vascular structures, treated or untreated arteriovenous malformations, cavernous hemangioma, aneurysm and benign tumors of the CNS [all intracranial arachnoid cysts, Evan's rate (ratio of distance between the frontal horns to the maximum biparietal
diameter) of more than 30%, hydrocephalus with neurologic or psychiatric findings, and hydrocephalus treated with shunt surgery, syringomyelia (which is shown radiologically with or without neurologic deficits), and benign tumors of the skull bones that push the CNS] are evaluated under this item.
Subsequent computed tomography and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) imaging revealed biparietal
cerebral abscess (Figure).
On exposure, there was biparietal
scalp swelling, no external bleeding, a tender right upper quadrant of the abdomen, a stable pelvis, and no abnormality found in the extremities.
The characteristics of the fetuses Patient Fetal BPD Head Birth prensentation (mm) circumference weight (cm) (gr) 1 Vertex 38 35 3000 2 Vertex 38 35 4060 3 Vertex 37 34 3200 4 Vertex 39 35 3500 5 Vertex 38 35 3000 6 Vertex 39 34 3500 7 Vertex 39 35 3200 BPD: Biparietal
diameter Table 4.
Gestational weeks were estimated by ultrasonography based on biparietal
diameter and also matched with last menstrual period (LMP).
These four parameters (biparietal
diameter, head circumference, femur length, and AC) each contribute to fetal weight but the AC has been shown to correlate better with weight at birth than the other variables, and it is the only measure that reflects how corpulent the fetus is, he noted.
detection (MRD) Foetal measurements: clinical method (CFM) Foetal Gestational age (GA) based on ultrasound measurements: scanning, crown-rump length, head ultrasonic method circumference, abdominal circumference, (UFM) biparietal
diameter, femur length, humerus length, placenta localisation, foetal presentation, amniotic fluid index, foetal heart rate, and foetal weight estimation.
Furthermore, we propose that prospective risk management should routinely include sonographic monitoring of head circumference rather than biparietal
diameter during late pregnancy, though perhaps technically difficult, to prevent prolonged labor and hence increased risk for white matter damage in babies beyond 75% centile.