Climbing, brachiation, and terrestrial quadrupedalism: historical precursors of hominid bipedalism
'Of course, adult Psittacosaurus were not so huge, and the shift maybe reflects different modes of life: the babies were small and vulnerable and so probably hid in the undergrowth, whereas bipedalism
allowed the adults to run faster and escape their predators.'
It's thought this conversion to savanna contributed to bipedalism
as it became more and more dominant in human ancestors."
Yet, despite their definite bipedalism
, they also seem to have spent much of their time climbing in trees, perhaps feeding, sleeping and escaping predators.
The dynamics of hylobatid bipedalism
: evidence for an energy-saving mechanism?
While a group of authors stated that such anatomical variations could be due to the ossification of the posterior atlanto-occipital membrane or acquired ossification of the oblique ligament (lateral border of the posterior atlanto-occipital membrane which forms the aperture for the vertebral artery and the suboccipital nerve) as a consequence of the vertebral artery pulsation [3, 9], others claimed that the PP might be related to erect posture and bipedalism
Other special feature associated with movement was the shift of body-space structure associated with the appearance of hominin bipedalism
(Dzib-Goodin, Yelizarov, 2016), this might have another effect to development specific brain areas, and specifically extended to opercular cortex.
and lumbar lordosis are often regarded as a cause of low back pain, through increased spinal shearing forces and increased risk of spondylolisthesis.
Read: (http://www.ibtimes.com/human-evolution-skull-two-legged-walking-evolved-together-study-claims-2510876) Human Skull, Bipedalism
Walking, as a characteristic of bipedalism
, involves a multitude of body parts from the brain, the peripheral nervous system, and the musculatures to the feedback sensory system.
The prevalent presence of this muscle in modern humans and gorillas, exclusively and mostly terrestrial, respectively, would point out an evolutionary acquisition related to "bipedalism
Small tweaks to a gene that makes a protein important for skeletal development may have led to the big toe and helped shape the human foot for bipedalism
(SN: 2/6/16, p.