birth defect


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birth defect

n.
A physiological or structural abnormality that develops at or before birth and is present at the time of birth, especially as a result of faulty development, infection, heredity, or injury. Also called congenital anomaly.

birth′ defect`


n.
any abnormality present at birth.
[1970–75]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.birth defect - a defect that is present at birthbirth defect - a defect that is present at birth  
ablepharia - a congenital absence of eyelids (partial or complete)
albinism - the congenital absence of pigmentation in the eyes and skin and hair
anencephalia, anencephaly - a defect in brain development resulting in small or missing brain hemispheres
ametria - congenital absence of the uterus
color blindness, color vision deficiency, colour blindness, colour vision deficiency - genetic inability to distinguish differences in hue
epispadias - a congenital abnormality in males in which the urethra is on the upper surface of the penis
clinocephalism, clinocephaly - a congenital defect in which the top of the head is depressed (concave instead of convex)
clinodactyly - a congenital defect in which one or more toes or fingers are abnormally positioned
macroglossia - a congenital disorder characterized by an abnormally large tongue; often seen in cases of Down's syndrome
Down syndrome, Down's syndrome, mongolianism, mongolism, trisomy 21 - a congenital disorder caused by having an extra 21st chromosome; results in a flat face and short stature and mental retardation
acrocephaly, oxycephaly - a congenital abnormality of the skull; the top of the skull assumes a cone shape
cheiloschisis, cleft lip, harelip - a congenital cleft in the middle of the upper lip
cleft palate - a congenital fissure of the hard palate
defect - an imperfection in a bodily system; "visual defects"; "this device permits detection of defects in the lungs"
amelia - congenital absence of an arm or leg
meromelia - congenital absence of part of an arm or leg
encephalocele - protrusion of brain tissue through a congenital fissure in the skull
meningocele - a congenital anomaly of the central nervous system in which a sac protruding from the brain or the spinal meninges contains cerebrospinal fluid (but no nerve tissue)
myelomeningocele - a congenital defect of the central nervous system in which a sac containing part of the spinal cord and its meninges protrude through a gap in the vertebral column; frequently accompanied by hydrocephalus and mental retardation
plagiocephaly - congenital malformation of the skull in which the main axis of the skull is oblique
polysomy - congenital defect of having one or more extra chromosomes in somatic cells
hermaphrodism, hermaphroditism - congenital condition in which external genitalia and internal sex organs have both male and female characteristics
pseudohermaphroditism - congenital condition in which a person has external genitalia of one sex and internal sex organs of the other sex
scaphocephaly - congenital malformation of the skull which is long and narrow; frequently accompanied by mental retardation
congenital heart defect - a birth defect involving the heart
rachischisis, schistorrhachis, spina bifida - a not uncommon congenital defect in which a vertebra is malformed; unless several vertebrae are affected or there is myelomeningocele there are few symptoms; can be diagnosed by amniocentesis
spinocerebellar disorder - any of several congenital disorders marked by degeneration of the cerebellum and spinal cord resulting in spasticity and ataxia
hyperdactyly, polydactyly - birth defect characterized by the presence of more than the normal number of fingers or toes
syndactylism, syndactyly - birth defect in which there is partial or total webbing connecting two or more fingers or toes
ankyloglossia, tongue tie - a congenital anomaly in which the mucous membrane under the tongue is too short limiting the mobility of the tongue
anomalousness, anomaly - deviation from the normal or common order or form or rule
References in periodicals archive ?
'Every person who contradicts his words with his actions is born with a birth defect, it can also be a political person who might have physical, medical, and psychological defects by birth.'
Factors such as twining, genetic abnormalities, deficiencies in iodine and folic acid and family history of birth defect have also been implicated in various birth malformations.
2, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Use of ondansetron for the treatment of nausea and vomiting in pregnancy does not appear to be associated with birth defects, according to research published in the August issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.
"Among 410 (55%) infants or fetuses with information on the earliest age a birth defect was recorded, 371 (90%) had evidence of a birth defect meeting the Zika definition before age 3 months," the authors explained.
However, this particular use for Zofran has not been approved by the FDA, and studies have shown that Zofran use in pregnancy may actually put unborn babies at risk for a number of severe birth defects - a risk that outweighs the anti-nausea benefits the medication may have for expectant mothers.
Every year an estimated six per cent of total births worldwide -- 7.9 million children -- are born with a serious birth defect.
Relationship between birth defect and maternal age, occupation, level of education.
The study included 213 women whose babies had a type of birth defect with potential links to recreational drug use, 143 women whose babies had a birth defect with no previously reported links to drug use and 161 women whose babies were normally formed.
Speaking to Gulf Times on the sidelines of the Sidra Symposium on 'Fetal Malformation' yesterday at Four Seasons Hotel, Hijazi pointed out that birth defects are common.
The international advisor to this meeting was Bernadette Modell, and the report produced was the first of its kind to focus on community approaches to healthcare for people with or at risk of having a child with a birth defect. [29] The report still has relevance today.
Summary: TEHRAN (FNA)- A University of Adelaide study has identified the risk of major birth defects associated with different types of assisted reproductive technology.