Shrub-steppe lands typically consisted of a mixture of native plants such as sagebrush Artemisia tridentata, bitterbrush
Purshia tridentata, green rabbitbrush Chrysothamnus viscidiflorus, and bunch grasses, and to varying extents exotic invasive species such as cheat grass Bromus tectorum, tumble mustard Sisymbrium altissimum and Russian thistle Salsola kali.
They found that horses avoid feeding on antelope bitterbrush
(Purshia tridentata), a plant species highly used by wildlife, and 40-86% of their diet was composed of grasses, followed by forbs and shrubs in no more than 5%.
In the middle of this wild Eden, surrounded by twiggy clumps of bitterbrush
, a mama grizzly bear--broad of forehead and tawny of coat--teaches two cubs to scavenge for meat.
In southeast Idaho moose forage primarily on bitterbrush
(Purshia tridentata), willow, serviceberry, chokecherry (Prunus virginiana), and aspen (Populus tremuloides) (Ritchie 1978).
"Thus far we've seen a 90 percent success rate for planted sagebrush and bitterbrush
, a remarkable response," Soper said.
"If it's done right, you can actually manipulate the habitat in a way that removes undesirable shrubs like older sagebrush while leaving stands of more desirable shrubs like bitterbrush
," says Busby.
wyomingensis Beetle & Young), rabbitbrush (Chrysothamnus viscidiflorus (Hook.) Nutt.), and antelope bitterbrush
(Purshia tridentata (Pursh) DC.).
Similarly, three species of pines (Pinus) and several other plants (e.g., antelope bitterbrush
, Purshia tridentata; Sierra chinquapin, Castanopsis sempervirens) in the Carson Range of Nevada rely on a guild of seed-caching animals (at least four species of rodent and two species of bird) for dispersal.
rubroscutellatus use other woody plants as hosts, we sampled trees and shrubs near Apache plume sites, particularly those in the Rosaceae: antelope bitterbrush
, Purshia tridentata (Pursh) DC; Stansbury cliffrose, P.
Steven Link of Native Plant Landscaping and Restoration LLC in West Richland, Wash., has been investigating the potential of native nitrogen-fixing plants such as silky lupine and antelope bitterbrush
as vineyard cover crops.
Forty, and I find him, red-spittled, glass-eyed, his front legs folded under him, neck bent, antlers pitched in a bitterbrush
Each one cradles the future of a native species: ponderosa and Jeffrey pine; incense-cedar and red fir; aspen, antelope bitterbrush
, and curlleaf mountain mahogany.