reduction

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re·duc·tion

 (rĭ-dŭk′shən)
n.
1. The act or process of reducing.
2. The result of reducing: a reduction in absenteeism.
3. The amount by which something is lessened or diminished: a reduction of 12 percent in violent crime.
4. A sauce that has been thickened or concentrated by boiling.
5. Biology The first meiotic division, in which the chromosome number is reduced from diploid to haploid. Also called reduction division.
6. Chemistry
a. A decrease in positive valence or an increase in negative valence by the gaining of electrons.
b. A reaction in which hydrogen is combined with a compound.
c. A reaction in which oxygen is removed from a compound.
7. Mathematics
a. The canceling of common factors in the numerator and denominator of a fraction.
b. The converting of a fraction to its decimal equivalent.
c. The converting of an expression or equation to its simplest form.

[Middle English reduccioun, restoration, action of bringing back to a former state, from Middle French reduction, from Old French redution, from Latin reductiō, reductiōn-, from reductus, past participle of redūcere, to bring back; see reduce.]

re·duc′tion·al adj.

reduction

(rɪˈdʌkʃən)
n
1. the act or process or an instance of reducing
2. the state or condition of being reduced
3. the amount by which something is reduced
4. a form of an original resulting from a reducing process, such as a copy on a smaller scale
5. a simplified form, such as an orchestral score arranged for piano
6. (Mathematics) maths
a. the process of converting a fraction into its decimal form
b. the process of dividing out the common factors in the numerator and denominator of a fraction; cancellation
c. cookery
d. the process of concentrating a liquid such as wine or stock by boiling away some of the water in it, esp in order to make a sauce
e. a sauce made in this way: a red wine reduction.
7. (Cooking) cookery
a. the process of concentrating a liquid such as wine or stock by boiling away some of the water in it, esp in order to make a sauce
b. a sauce made in this way: a red wine reduction.
reˈductive adj

re•duc•tion

(rɪˈdʌk ʃən)

n.
1. the act or process of reducing, or the state of being reduced.
2. the amount by which something is reduced.
3. a form produced by reducing; a copy on a smaller scale.
4. Biol. meiosis, esp. the first meiotic cell division in which the chromosome number is reduced by half.
5. the process or result of reducing a chemical substance.
[1475–85; earlier reduccion < Middle French reduction < Latin reductiō bringing back]
re•duc′tion•al, adj.

re·duc·tion

(rĭ-dŭk′shən)
1. Mathematics The changing of a fraction into a simpler form, especially by dividing the numerator and denominator by a common factor. For example, the fraction 8/12 can be reduced to 4/6 , which can be further reduced to 2/3 , in each case by dividing both the numerator and denominator by 2.
2. Chemistry A chemical reaction in which an atom or ion gains electrons, thus undergoing a decrease in valence. If an iron atom having a valence of +3 gains an electron, the valence decreases to +2. Compare oxidation.

reduction

The creation of lanes through a minefield or obstacle to allow passage of the attacking ground force.

reduction

1. The reverse of oxidation.
2. A surgical method of restoring an original relationship, for example by manipulating bones or hernias back into the original position.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.reduction - the act of decreasing or reducing somethingreduction - the act of decreasing or reducing something
change of magnitude - the act of changing the amount or size of something
cut - the act of reducing the amount or number; "the mayor proposed extensive cuts in the city budget"
mitigation, moderation - the action of lessening in severity or intensity; "the object being control or moderation of economic depressions"
lowering - the act of causing to become less
cutback - a reduction in quantity or rate
devaluation - the reduction of something's value or worth
devitalisation, devitalization - the act of reducing the vitality of something
mitigation, palliation, extenuation - to act in such a way as to cause an offense to seem less serious
alleviation, easement, easing, relief - the act of reducing something unpleasant (as pain or annoyance); "he asked the nurse for relief from the constant pain"
de-escalation - (war) a reduction in intensity (of a crisis or a war)
minimisation, minimization - the act of reducing something to the least possible amount or degree or position
depletion - the act of decreasing something markedly
shortening - act of decreasing in length; "the dress needs shortening"
shrinking - the act of becoming less
subtraction, deduction - the act of subtracting (removing a part from the whole); "he complained about the subtraction of money from their paychecks"
deflation - the act of letting the air out of something
discount, price reduction, deduction - the act of reducing the selling price of merchandise
rollback - reducing prices back to some earlier level
weakening - the act of reducing the strength of something
depreciation - a decrease in price or value; "depreciation of the dollar against the yen"
contraction - the act of decreasing (something) in size or volume or quantity or scope
reverse split, reverse stock split, split down - a decrease in the number of outstanding shares of a corporation without changing the shareholders' equity
amortisation, amortization - the reduction of the value of an asset by prorating its cost over a period of years
declassification - reduction or removal by the government of restrictions on a classified document or weapon
tax shelter, shelter - a way of organizing business to reduce the taxes it must pay on current earnings
tax credit - a direct reduction in tax liability (not dependent on the taxpayer's tax bracket)
2.reduction - any process in which electrons are added to an atom or ion (as by removing oxygen or adding hydrogen); always occurs accompanied by oxidation of the reducing agent
chemical reaction, reaction - (chemistry) a process in which one or more substances are changed into others; "there was a chemical reaction of the lime with the ground water"
3.reduction - the act of reducing complexity
change - the action of changing something; "the change of government had no impact on the economy"; "his change on abortion cost him the election"
schematisation, schematization - the act of reducing to a scheme or formula

reduction

noun
1. decrease, lowering, lessening, minimizing, diminution a future reduction in interest rates
2. cut, cutting, trimming, pruning, cutback, scaling down, depletion a new strategic arms reduction agreement
3. discount, concession, slash (informal), price cut, markdown Reductions of 10-15 per cent are common on these package holidays.

reduction

noun
2. The act or an instance of demoting:
3. A lowering in price or value:
4. An amount deducted:
Translations
تَخْفيضتَقْلِيل
sníženíredukce
reduktionnedsættelse
vähentäminenkokoon keittäminenpalautuspelkistyssieventäminen
popust
leszállítás
lækkun
減少
축소
zmanjšanjeznižanje
minskning
การทำให้ลดลง
sự giảm

reduction

[rɪˈdʌkʃən] N
1. (in size, number, costs, expenditure) → reducción f
a 15% reduction in costsuna reducción del 15% por ciento en los costes
there has been no reduction in demandno ha disminuido la demanda
we have had to make reductions in the budgethemos tenido que recortar el presupuesto
2. (in price) → rebaja f
a 50% reductionuna rebaja del 50%
3. (Mil) (in rank) → degradación f
4. (= simplification) → reducción f
5. (Phot) → copia f reducida
6. (Math) → reducción f
7. (Chem) → reducción f
8. (= capture, subjugation) → toma f, conquista f

reduction

[rɪˈdʌkʃən] n
(in cost, number, amount, staff, risk, demand, spending)réduction f; (in crime, violence, interest rates, income tax, price)baisse f
a reduction in sth [+ cost, number, amount, staff, demand, spending] → une réduction de qch; [+ crime, violence, interest rates, income tax, price] → une baisse de qch
(= discount) → rabais m, réduction f
a 5% reduction, a reduction of 5% → un rabais de 5%, une réduction de 5%
"huge reductions!" → "prix sacrifiés!"

reduction

n
no pl (→ etw gen) → Reduzierung f, → Reduktion f, → Verringerung f; (in speed) → Reduzierung f, → Verlangsamung f; (in authority) → Schwächung f; (in standards, temperatures) → Herabsetzung f, → Reduzierung f; (in prices) → Ermäßigung f, → Herabsetzung f, → Reduzierung f; (in taxes, costs) → Senkung f; (in expenses, wages) → Kürzung f; (in value) → Minderung f; (in size) → Verkleinerung f; (= shortening)Verkürzung f; (in output) → Drosselung f, → Reduzierung f; (in scale of operations) → Einschränkung f; (of goods, items)Herabsetzung f; (of fever)Senkung f; (of joint)Wiedereinrenken nt; to make a reduction on an articleeinen Artikel heruntersetzen; reduction for cashPreisabschlag mbei Barzahlung; reduction of taxesSteuersenkung f; reduction in rankDegradierung f
(to another state, Chem) → Reduktion f; (Math) → Zerlegung f (→ to in +acc); reduction of something to powder/to a pulpZermahlung feiner Sache (gen)zu Pulver/zu Brei
(= amount reduced) (→ etw gen) (in pressure, temperature, output) → Abnahme f, → Rückgang m; (of speed)Verlangsamung f; (in size) → Verkleinerung f; (in length) → Verkürzung f; (in taxes) → Nachlass m; (in prices) → Ermäßigung f; (Jur: of sentence) → Kürzung f; (of swelling)Rückgang m; to sell (something) at a reductionetw verbilligt verkaufen, etw zu ermäßigtem Preis verkaufen; what a reduction!wie billig!; reduction in strengthNachlassen ntder Kräfte
(= copy)Verkleinerung f

reduction

[rɪˈdʌkʃn] n (see vt a) → riduzione f, diminuzione f
reductions for cash → sconto per (il pagamento in) contanti

reduce

(rəˈdjuːs) verb
1. to make less, smaller etc. The shop reduced its prices; The train reduced speed.
2. to lose weight by dieting. I must reduce to get into that dress.
3. to drive, or put, into a particular (bad) state. The bombs reduced the city to ruins; She was so angry, she was almost reduced to tears; During the famine, many people were reduced to eating grass and leaves.
reˈducible adjective
reˈduction (-ˈdak-) noun
The government promised a reduction in prices later; price reductions.

reduction

تَقْلِيل snížení reduktion Reduzierung ελάττωση reducción vähentäminen réduction popust riduzione 減少 축소 reductie reduksjon redukcja redução сокращение minskning การทำให้ลดลง indirim sự giảm 减少

re·duc·tion

n. reducción, baja, disminución; rebaja.

reduction

n reducción f; breast — reducción mamaria or de senos; open — and internal fixation reducción abierta y fijación interna