Structure--For microphyllous scrub and areas with livestock, we registered a high dominance of creosote bush (Larrea tridentata; 16.6%), and blue grama
(Bouteloua gracilis; 15.6%).
THE PLANTS: The meadow includes blue grama
grass (Bouteloua gracilis), native fescues, and junegrass.
Specifically, warm season grasses, such as blue grama
, flourish during the summer monsoonal rains that fall from July through September in New Mexico.
Although the signature (Shantz, 1923; Lauenroth et al., 2008) and dominant species of the shortgrass steppe is blue grama
(Bouteloua gracilis), in southeastern Colorado short-grass steppe consists of a mosaic of plant communities that include mixed grass-shrublands containing woody plants such as sandsage (Artemisia filifolia), rabbitbrush (Ericameria nauseosa) and black greasewood (Sarcobatus vermiculatus), as well as other grass species such as galleta grass (Pleuraphis jamesii), three-awn (Aristida purpurea) and species of dropseed (Sporobolus) including alkali sacaton (S.
Grasses include: Spidergrass (Aristida ternipes), Cane bluestem (Bothriochloa barbinodis), Side-oats grama (Bouteloua curtipendula), Blue grama
Big bluestem, little bluestem, blue grama
, Indian grass, and switchgrass have all been observed to increase after a spring burn.
If the turf area is not irrigated, then native dryland species such as buffalograss and blue grama
should be planted.
Cactus is often found growing amongst prairie grasses such as Spear Grass (Stipa comata Trim & Rupr.) and Blue Grama
(Bouteloua gracilis (HBK.) lag.).
Using molecular markers, genetic shifts in populations of self-pollinating red beet (Beta vulgaris L.) were detected using RAPD markers (Eagen and Goldman, 1996) and in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) using RFLP markers (Enjalbert et al., 1999), but not in a multisite composite population of blue grama
[Bouteloua gracilis (Willd.
Values ranged from 1.8 g of biomass per MJ (0.063 oz per MJ) of intercepted photosynthetically active radiation (IPAR) for sideoats grama [Bouteloua curtipendula (Michaux) Torrey] and blue grama
[Bouteloua gracilis (H.B.K.) Lag.
In soils laid down by ancient seas, blue grama
, western wheat grass, and little bluestem thrived where deep tree roots cannot take hold.