Bodies in the Making provides "fresh perspectives on body modifications
that are neither voluntary nor involuntary--but somewhere in between." It deals with a wide range of modifications: tattoos, self-cutting, elective cosmetic surgery, sex-change operations, and--most bizarrely--operations that help individuals look more like animals.
Given that studies on self-injurious behavior have found that people who self-injure have a high incidence of depression, low self-esteem levels, and feelings of lack of control, this study also explored whether similarities and differences exist among college students who engage in different forms of body modification
with respect to these particular variables.
and barbaric in Western society, body modification
has long been
Today, body modifications
have started to gain new meanings, entirely different from those of the past.
This observation from a large cross-sectional study of body art aficionados raises an intriguing question: Is body modification
a marker for increased risk of suicidality, or is it instead a sort of substitute activity?
Fifty-six percent of the body modification
enthusiasts described themselves as heterosexual, 38% bisexual, and only 5% homosexual.
Twenty-four percent of men with a tongue piercing reported previously at tempting suicide, compared with 18% of those without this body modification
. Given the very large sample size, that difference is highly statistically significant, he said at the meeting.
One of the most striking cultural phenomena of the past decade has been the emergence of body modification
as a means of diverse, frequently radical, and often confrontational, forms of personal expression.
' is a method of permanently adorning the body including tattooing and piercing, while 'Britneyfication' describes the effect on clothes and fashion of following the revealing styles favoured by the US pop singer.
HE age- old practices of tattooing and body piercing have become far more socially acceptable in recent years, which is very good news for Wendy and David Eyeions, specialists in body modification
, Artistic,outgoing and people friendly,both had varied careers before marrying and settling in Conwy in 1990.
The spectrum of body decoration incorporates body painting, body adornment, and body modification
. All of these categories have been practiced for thousands of years in all cultures.
Such practices are considered forms of body modification
along with branding, cutting, binding, inserting implants to alter the appearance and form of the body (Featherstone, 1999), plastic surgery, and gender reassignment (Benson, 2000).