body(redirected from body surface area (BSA))
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n., pl. bod•ies, n.
Bodya number of individuals spoken of collectively; a general collection of things or ideas; a mass of matter; the main portion of a collection or company.
- (A big soft) ass as wide as an axhandle —George Garrett
- Body and mind, like man and wife, do not always agree to die together —Charles Caleb Colton
- Body grown light as a shell, empty as a shell —Joyce Carol Oates
- The body is like a piano. It is needful to have the instrument in good order —Henry Ward Beecher
- The body, lady, is like a house: it don’t go anywhere; but the spirit, lady, is like an automobile: always on the move —Flannery O’Connor See Also: SOUL
- Body..light as milk —Philip Levine
- Body like a block of granite —Brian Glanville
- Body like a spring —Marguerite Duras
- (Had a) body like a stack of lumpy pillows —Robert Campbell
- Body like dry bone —Robert Silverberg
- Body … long like a weasel’s —Anton Chekhov
- Body … shaped like a sack half full of cement —Sterling Hayden
- Body … silvery like a white rose —Isak Dinesen
- The body turns empty as the shell of an insect, or like something inflatable but flattened —Jayne Anne Phillips
- Body warm and flat as beer that’s been standing —Marge Piercy
- Buddha-like body still as an onyx boulder —Ralph Ellison
- Build like a sack of angle irons —Loren D. Estleman
- Built like a bowling pin —Clive Cussler
- (She’s hard to fit, being) built like a cement root cellar —Louise Erdrich
- Built like a Coke machine —Joseph Wambaugh
- Built like a crate —William Diehl
- Built like a fire plug —Pat Conroy
- Built like a greyhound —Miles Gibson
- Built like a hammer —Lee K. Abbott
- Built like a Russian weightlifter —William Diehl
- Built like a skyscraper —Slogan, Shaw-Walker steel filing cabinets
- Built like a snowman. A small round head atop a large round body with no neck in between —Rick Borsten
- Built like a vault —Anon
- Built like refrigerators —Jonathan Valin
- Built solid, firm and square, like an unencumbered pine —Sylvia Berkman
- Built square, like a van —William Beechcroft
- Built with curves like the hull of a racing yacht —Ernest Hemingway
A quick simile is about as much space as a master of conciseness like Hemingway devotes to physically describing a character. The woman with the racing yacht curves is Lady Brett from The Sun Also Rises .
- Chest like a nail keg —Peter Matthiessen
- Chest like an oak wine cask —Ira Wood
- Chest like an oyster barrel —Ogden Nash
- Chests and bellies like a pair of avalanches —T. Coraghessan Boyle
- Chunky, heavy, like a Samoan swimmer —Herbert Gold
- Corded and tough as a short piece of tallowed cable —George Foy
The simile in Foy’s novel, Coaster, applies to a sailor.
- Delicate and softly rounded as a painting by Boucher —F. van Wyck Mason
- (Against the light of the lamp,) the delicate erotic lines of her slender body came up like a photographic print in a developing tray —Brian Moore
- Even her hipbones [like rest of angular body] jutted out as if her skirt was draped on a coathanger —Richard Maynard
- A figure like a beer barrel —Oscar Wilde
A variation by Charles Johnson: “Broad as a beer barrel.”
- Figure like a sack of flour —Josephine Tey
- A figure like a two-armed Venus de Milo who had been on a sensible diet —David Niven
Being an actor as well as a writer, Niven undoubtedly had a special appreciation for any device which would capture audience attention the minute the curtain rises; and so this simile from the first sentence of his autobiography, The Moon’s a Balloon .
- Figure … so delicate that she moved like a shadow —Inez Haynes Irwin
- (She had) a figure that was like a swift unexpected blow to the diaphragm —that to linger on makes the beholder feel obscene —Frederick Exley
- A fine small body, like a miniature dog bred for show —Maureen Howard
- (He was) flat and wide as a gingerbread man —Charles Portis
- Flat-chested and straight as a board —MacDonald Harris
- Graceful figure, which was as tough as hickory and as flexible as a whip —Thomas Wolfe
- Her body seemed somehow to hang on her, like somebody else’s clothing —William McIlvanney
- Her broad sexless body made her resemble a dilapidated Buddha —Ross Macdonald
- Her firm protruding ass looked like a split peach —Steve Shagan
- Hips like hills of sand —Arabian Nights
- Hips like jugs —Eugene McNamara
- His ancient, emaciated body looked as though it were already attacked by the corruption of the grave —W. Somerset Maugham
- His body was covered with a dense mat of black hair. He looked like an overfed chimpanzee —Andrew Kaplan
- His body waved like a flame in the breeze —Television obituary describing James Cagney’s physical grace, 1986
- His pectorals hung flabbily, like the breasts of an old woman —Gerald Kersh
- It [worn body] was as if it were charred by a thunderbolt —Honoré de Balzac
- Long body, devoid of developed muscles, was like a long, limp sash —Yukio Mishima
- Look like a hot-air balloon with insufficient ballast —Anna Quindlen, New York Times /Hers, March 27, 1986
The cause for the hot-air balloon appearance is pregnancy.
- (A man with) a middle like a flour bag —Sharon Sheehe Stark
- (Kaplan was examining the) midriff bulge that ballooned out over his belt like an inflated inner tube —William P. Kennedy
The simile marks the opening of Kennedy’s espionage novel, The Masakado Lesson.
- (Was halfway through the process of turning from muscular to fat, so that at present he was) of uncertain consistency, like a cheap mattress —Richard Francis
- Round and curved as a marble statue —George Garrett
- A small boned body as easy to fragment as a young grouse’s —Penelope Gilliatt
- A small, plump woman, with her waist cinctured in sternly, like a cushion with a noose around it —John Cheever
- Spine … like an iron rod —Angela Carter
- Square as a wooden block —T. Coraghessan Boyle
- Square like a block of stone —Willis Johnson
- (She no longer had her slim waist or rounded bosom but was) square like a stack of firewood —Isak Dinesen
- (A massive woman … ) square, rather like a great piece of oak furniture —Willa Cather
- Still had an athlete’s frame … but the flesh had sagged on the hanger, like an old suit with change left in the pockets —Jonathan Valin
- Straight as a mast, muscled like a gorilla —Maxwell Anderson and Laurence Stallings
- A strong, supple body, like a tigress —Anthony Powell
- Torso … thick and circular, like the bole of a tree —Madison Smartt Bell
- (His body looked soft, his) waist puffing out like rising bread dough —Sue Grafton
- We are bound to our bodies like an oyster to its shell —Plato
- Weight was … beginning to hang like slightly inferior clothing —William Mcllvanney
- (Jill Martin was what they call a healthy lady.) Well rounded, like something out of Rubens —Mike Fredman
- (He was) wide as a door —Andre Dubus
Past participle: bodied
|Noun||1.||body - the entire structure of an organism (an animal, plant, or human being); "he felt as if his whole body were on fire"|
animal, animate being, beast, creature, fauna, brute - a living organism characterized by voluntary movement
human, human being, man - any living or extinct member of the family Hominidae characterized by superior intelligence, articulate speech, and erect carriage
life form - the characteristic bodily form of a mature organism
chassis, bod, human body, material body, physical body, physique, build, anatomy, figure, flesh, frame, shape, soma, form - alternative names for the body of a human being; "Leonardo studied the human body"; "he has a strong physique"; "the spirit is willing but the flesh is weak"
live body - the body of a living animal or person
body substance - the substance of the body
articulatory system - the system of joints in the body
digestive system, gastrointestinal system, systema alimentarium, systema digestorium - the system that makes food absorbable into the body
endocrine system - the system of glands that produce endocrine secretions that help to control bodily metabolic activity
lymphatic system, systema lymphaticum - the interconnected system of spaces and vessels between body tissues and organs by which lymph circulates throughout the body
musculoskeletal system - the system of muscles and tendons and ligaments and bones and joints and associated tissues that move the body and maintain its form
nervous system, systema nervosum - the sensory and control apparatus consisting of a network of nerve cells
respiratory system, systema respiratorium - the system for taking in oxygen and giving off carbon dioxide; in terrestrial animals this is accomplished by breathing
sensory system - the body's system of sense organs
vascular system - the vessels and tissue that carry or circulate fluids such as blood or lymph or sap through the body of an animal or plant
cardiovascular system, circulatory system - the organs and tissues involved in circulating blood and lymph through the body
head, caput - the upper part of the human body or the front part of the body in animals; contains the face and brains; "he stuck his head out the window"
cervix, neck - the part of an organism (human or animal) that connects the head to the rest of the body; "he admired her long graceful neck"; "the horse won by a neck"
torso, trunk, body - the body excluding the head and neck and limbs; "they moved their arms and legs and bodies"
leg - a human limb; commonly used to refer to a whole limb but technically only the part of the limb between the knee and ankle
arm - a human limb; technically the part of the superior limb between the shoulder and the elbow but commonly used to refer to the whole superior limb
fork - the angle formed by the inner sides of the legs where they join the human trunk
pressure point - any of several points on the body where the pulse can be felt and where pressure on an underlying artery will control bleeding from that artery at a more distal point
|2.||body - a group of persons associated by some common tie or occupation and regarded as an entity; "the whole body filed out of the auditorium"; "the student body"; "administrative body"|
social group - people sharing some social relation
public - a body of people sharing some common interest; "the reading public"
Christendom, Christianity - the collective body of Christians throughout the world and history (found predominantly in Europe and the Americas and Australia); "for a thousand years the Roman Catholic Church was the principal church of Christendom"
church - the body of people who attend or belong to a particular local church; "our church is hosting a picnic next week"
College of Cardinals, Sacred College - (Roman Catholic Church) the body of cardinals who advise the Pope and elect new Popes
governance, governing body, organisation, administration, brass, establishment, organization - the persons (or committees or departments etc.) who make up a body for the purpose of administering something; "he claims that the present administration is corrupt"; "the governance of an association is responsible to its members"; "he quickly became recognized as a member of the establishment"
corps - a body of people associated together; "diplomatic corps"
constituency - the body of voters who elect a representative for their area
electoral college - the body of electors who formally elect the United States president and vice president
school - a body of creative artists or writers or thinkers linked by a similar style or by similar teachers; "the Venetian school of painting"
college - the body of faculty and students of a college
university - the body of faculty and students at a university
faculty, staff - the body of teachers and administrators at a school; "the dean addressed the letter to the entire staff of the university"
representation - a body of legislators that serve in behalf of some constituency; "a Congressional vacancy occurred in the representation from California"
colony, settlement - a body of people who settle far from home but maintain ties with their homeland; inhabitants remain nationals of their home state but are not literally under the home state's system of government; "the American colony in Paris"
ulama, ulema - the body of Mullahs (Muslim scholars trained in Islam and Islamic law) who are the interpreters of Islam's sciences and doctrines and laws and the chief guarantors of continuity in the spiritual and intellectual history of the Islamic community
leaders, leadership - the body of people who lead a group; "the national leadership adopted his plan"
militia - the entire body of physically fit civilians eligible by law for military service; "their troops were untrained militia"; "Congress shall have power to provide for calling forth the militia"--United States Constitution
membership, rank - the body of members of an organization or group; "they polled their membership"; "they found dissension in their own ranks"; "he joined the ranks of the unemployed"
opposition - a body of people united in opposing something
immigration - the body of immigrants arriving during a specified interval; "the increased immigration strengthened the colony"
inspectorate - a body of inspectors
jury - a body of citizens sworn to give a true verdict according to the evidence presented in a court of law
panel - a group of people gathered for a special purpose as to plan or discuss an issue or judge a contest etc
enrollment, registration - the body of people (such as students) who register or enroll at the same time
vote - a body of voters who have the same interests; "he failed to get the Black vote"
diaspora - the body of Jews (or Jewish communities) outside Palestine or modern Israel
|3.||body - a natural object consisting of a dead animal or person; "they found the body in the lake"|
carrion - the dead and rotting body of an animal; unfit for human food
roadkill - the dead body of an animal that has been killed on a road by a vehicle; "vultures usually feed on carrion or roadkill"
cadaver, corpse, remains, stiff, clay - the dead body of a human being; "the cadaver was intended for dissection"; "the end of the police search was the discovery of a corpse"; "the murderer confessed that he threw the stiff in the river"; "honor comes to bless the turf that wraps their clay"
mummy - a body embalmed and dried and wrapped for burial (as in ancient Egypt)
|4.||body - an individual 3-dimensional object that has mass and that is distinguishable from other objects; "heavenly body"|
chromosome - a threadlike strand of DNA in the cell nucleus that carries the genes in a linear order; "humans have 22 chromosome pairs plus two sex chromosomes"
cellular inclusion, inclusion body, inclusion - any small intracellular body found within another (characteristic of certain diseases); "an inclusion in the cytoplasm of the cell"
mass - a body of matter without definite shape; "a huge ice mass"
|5.||body - the body excluding the head and neck and limbs; "they moved their arms and legs and bodies"|
body, organic structure, physical structure - the entire structure of an organism (an animal, plant, or human being); "he felt as if his whole body were on fire"
body part - any part of an organism such as an organ or extremity
diaphragm, midriff - (anatomy) a muscular partition separating the abdominal and thoracic cavities; functions in respiration
shoulder - the part of the body between the neck and the upper arm
articulatio humeri, shoulder joint, shoulder - a ball-and-socket joint between the head of the humerus and a cavity of the scapula
side - either the left or right half of a body; "he had a pain in his side"
chest, pectus, thorax - the part of the human torso between the neck and the diaphragm or the corresponding part in other vertebrates
midriff, midsection, middle - the middle area of the human torso (usually in front); "young American women believe that a bare midriff is fashionable"
hip - either side of the body below the waist and above the thigh
haunch - the hip and buttock and upper thigh in human beings
abdomen, belly, stomach, venter - the region of the body of a vertebrate between the thorax and the pelvis
back, dorsum - the posterior part of a human (or animal) body from the neck to the end of the spine; "his back was nicely tanned"
behind, buns, buttocks, hind end, hindquarters, keister, nates, posterior, prat, derriere, fanny, rear end, tooshie, tush, fundament, seat, backside, tail end, stern, rump, bottom, bum, can, rear, tail - the fleshy part of the human body that you sit on; "he deserves a good kick in the butt"; "are you going to sit on your fanny and do nothing?"
loins - the region of the hips and groin and lower abdomen
|6.||body - a collection of particulars considered as a system; "a body of law"; "a body of doctrine"; "a body of precedents"|
|7.||body - the property of holding together and retaining its shape; "wool has more body than rayon"; "when the dough has enough consistency it is ready to bake"|
gaseousness - having the consistency of a gas
property - a basic or essential attribute shared by all members of a class; "a study of the physical properties of atomic particles"
thickness - resistance to flow
thinness - a consistency of low viscosity; "he disliked the thinness of the soup"
hardness - the property of being rigid and resistant to pressure; not easily scratched; measured on Mohs scale
softness - the property of giving little resistance to pressure and being easily cut or molded
breakableness - the consistency of something that breaks under pressure
unbreakableness - a consistency of something that does not break under pressure
|8.||body - the central message of a communication; "the body of the message was short"|
recital, yarn, narration - the act of giving an account describing incidents or a course of events; "his narration was hesitant"
|9.||body - the main mass of a thing|
mass - the property of a body that causes it to have weight in a gravitational field
|10.||body - a resonating chamber in a musical instrument (as the body of a violin)|
|11.||body - the external structure of a vehicle; "the body of the car was badly rusted"|
bodywork - the exterior body of a motor vehicle
fuselage - the central body of an airplane that is designed to accommodate the crew and passengers (or cargo)
|Verb||1.||body - invest with or as with a body; give body to|
"The human body is the best picture of the human soul" [Ludwig Wittgenstein Philosophical Investigations]
"What we think and feel and are is to a great extent determined by the state of our ductless glands and our viscera" [Aldous Huxley Music at Night]
"Body and spirit are twins: God only knows which is which:"
"The soul squats down in the flesh, like a tinker drunk in a ditch" [Algernon Charles Swinburne The Heptalogia]
Parts of the body
|Part of the body||Technical name||Related adjective|
|adenoids||pharyngeal tonsil||adenoid or adenoidal|
|blood||-||haemal, haemic, or haematic|
|bone||os||osseous, osteal, or osteoid|
|buttocks||nates||natal or gluteal|
|chin||-||genial or mental|
|external ear||auricle or pinna||-|
|eye||-||ocular or ophthalmic|
|Fallopian tube||oviduct||oviducal or oviductal|
|fingernail||-||ungual or ungular|
|fontanelle or (chiefly U.S.) fontanel||-|
|half-moon||lunula or lunule||-|
|ileum||-||ileac or ileal|
|inner ear or internal ear||labyrinth||-|
|jaw||-||gnathic or gnathal|
|kidney||-||renal or nephritic|
|navel or omphalos||umbilicus||umbilical|
|nerve cell||neuron or neurone||neuronic|
|nipple or teat||mamilla or papilla||mamillary|
|nostril||naris||narial or narine|
|red blood cell||erythrocyte||erythrocytic|
|spleen||-||lienal or splenetic|
|tear duct||lacrimal duct||-|
|thigh||-||femoral or crural|
|throat||-||guttural, gular, or jugular|
|toenail||-||ungual or ungular|
|tongue||lingua||lingual or glottic|
|tonsil||-||tonsillar or tonsillary|
|ureter||-||ureteral or ureteric|
|vulva||-||vulval, vulvar, or vulvate|
|white blood cell||leucocyte||leucocytic|
|windpipe||trachea||tracheal or tracheate|
body and soul (as adv) → de todo corazón, con el alma
to belong to sb body and soul → pertenecer a algn en cuerpo y alma
over my dead body! → ¡en sueños!, ¡ni pensarlo!
to keep body and soul together → ir tirando
her salary hardly keeps body and soul together → apenas se gana para vivir
the main body of his speech → la parte principal or el meollo de su discurso
a large body of people → un nutrido grupo de personas
the student body [of school] → el alumnado; [of university] → el estudiantado
the body politic (frm) → el estado
a fine body of men → un buen grupo de hombres
a large body of evidence → un buen conjunto de pruebas
there is a body of opinion that → hay buen número de gente que opina que ...
in a body → todos juntos, en masa
to give one's hair body → dar volumen or cuerpo al cabello
body bag N → bolsa f para restos humanos
body blow N (fig) → golpe m duro, revés m
body clock N → reloj m biológico
body count N (US) → número m or balance m de las víctimas
to do a body count [of those present] → hacer un recuento de la asistencia; [of dead] → hacer un recuento de los muertos
body double N (Cine, TV) → doble mf
body fascism N → discriminación f por el (aspecto) físico
body fat N → grasa f corporal, grasa f (del cuerpo)
body language N → lenguaje m corporal, lenguaje m del cuerpo
body lotion N → loción f corporal
body mike N → micro m de solapa
body odour, body odor (US) N → olor m corporal
body repairs NPL (Aut) → reparación f de la carrocería
body repair shop N = body shop body scanner N → escáner m
body search N → registro m de la persona
see also body-search body shop N (Aut) → taller m de reparaciones (de carrocería)
body snatcher N (Hist) → ladrón/a m/f de cadáveres
body stocking N → body m, bodi m
body suit N = body stocking body swerve N (Sport) → finta f, regate m
body temperature N → temperatura f corporal
body warmer N → chaleco m acolchado
body weight N → peso m (del cuerpo)
to keep body and soul together (= make ends meet) → joindre les deux bouts
body and soul (= the whole self) → corps et âme
it would happen over my dead body → il faudra (d'abord) me passer sur le corps
to keep body and soul together → tirare avanti
over my dead body! → neanche se mi ammazzi!
the student body → gli studenti
in a body → in massa
legislative body → organo legislativo
ruling body → direttivo