The provincial government of Punjab increased investigations, prosecutions, and convictions for bonded labor
, the country's largest human trafficking problem.
From two international workshops--June 2014 in Cologne and March 2015 in Havana--eight papers explore the evolution of bonded labor
from slaves to coolies over the past three centuries in different parts of the world.
The charity organization estimates that 4 million Pakistanis work at the kilns in bonded labor
What is the difference between 'forced labor' and 'bonded labor
Chakrabarti (Indian School of Business, India) presents 27 essays looking at various aspects of contemporary India in honor of and in light of the social and spiritual commitments of Swami Agnivesh, an advocate of the Hindu reform movement, Arya Samaj, founded by Swami Dayananda Saraswati in 1875, and an activist best know for his work against caste hierarchy and bonded labor
. The essays address such topics as Indian agriculture and sustainable development, religion and social justice, causes and remedies of terrorism, land and water rights, India's nuclear energy program, the caste system, labor in the unorganized sector, the extent of bonded labor
in India, the civil service and the right to dissent, and women's empowerment.
According to Fran Roselaers, director of the International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labor (IPEC), a branch of the ILO, "Slavery, debt bondage, trafficking, sexual exploitation, the use of children in the drug trade and in armed conflict, as well as hazardous work are all defined as Worst Forms of Child Labour." Debt bondage, known also as bonded labor
, is the most customary type of slavery found in the world today, most commonly imposed upon children because children are much easier to exploit than are adults.
Nonetheless, the case studies investigate a wide array of coercive regimes, ranging from convict labor in Australia to concentration camp and prison camp labor in Germany and the Soviet Union; from bonded labor
in India to undocumented labor in California's agricultural sector; from legally sanctioned indigenous debt peonage in Guatemala to illegal forms of peonage practiced in the Amazonian regions of contemporary Brazil.
Nepal declared illegal Monday the system of bonded labor
in a move that will have a far-reaching effect on the country's agricultural workforce.
City vendors must sign a document attesting that the products North Olmsted purchases, rents, or leases were not made using child or forced labor, which includes prison and indentured or bonded labor
Addressing the rally, Martha Praveen urged the government to utilize maximum resources to give an end to bonded labor
Quality education is the permanent and sustainable solution of the centuries prevailing bonded labor
system, she added further.
The report describes Pakistan as a "source, transit, and destination country for men, women, and children subjected to forced labour and sex trafficking," noting that the country's largest human trafficking problem is bonded labor
, concentrated in the Sindh and Punjab provinces in agriculture and brick making, and to a lesser extent in the mining, carpet-making, glass bangle, and fishing industries.