Physical examination was unremarkable except for intense borborygmi
and mild abnormal tenderness.
score: 42), "indigestion syndrome" (postprandial fullness, early satiety, borborygmi
, bloating, eructation/belching, and increased flatus; max.
TABLE 3 Sigstad scoring system for dumping syndrome (16,17,19) Postprandial symptoms Score * Shock +5 Fainting, syncope, unconsciousness +4 Desire to lie down +4 Dyspnea +3 Weakness +3 Sleepiness, apathy +3 Palpitations +3 Restlessness +2 Dizziness +2 Headaches +1 Warm, clammy skin or pallor +1 Nausea +1 Abdominal fullness +1 Borborygmi
(abdominal rumbling/gurgling) +1 Eructation (belching) -1 Vomiting -4 * A score of >7 is suggestive of dumping syndrome.
The most common side effects of metformin are gastrointestinal, including abdominal discomfort, flatulence, borborygmi
, diarrhea, and nausea.
Cummings  and EFSA  stated that dietary fibres contribute to an increase in faecal bulk with some beneficial physiological effect like the laxative effect, capacity to decrease gastrointestinal transit time, loose stools, bloating and distension, borborygmi
, abdominal discomfort, and flatus .
The patients were asked to grade seven different symptoms: abdominal pain, borborygmi
, bloating, flatulence, reduced frequency of evacuation, hard stools, and feeling of incomplete evacuation.
were clearly audible at right ventral abdomen.
In this instance the infant will normally appear to be in severe pain and will exhibit borborygmi
. They may be thirstless and have a coated tongue, yellowish diarrhoea and will often belch offensive gas.
Bowel sounds were hyperactive with Borborygmi
(29) There have been minor adverse events in my practice and the literature, such as gas, cramping, stool changes, increased flatulence, and borborygmi
. In the short term it appears quite safe.
For digestive and gastrointestinal ills, clay can settle stomach and intestinal upsets caused by gas (borborygmi
) that rumbles along through the intestines.
The abdomen is auscultated for borborygmi
- loud rumbling sounds made by the movement of air and fluid in the intestine - which are normal.