Capital, Coercion, and Crime: Bossism
in the Philippines.
This is the phenomenon of a 'boss,' of 'bossism
.' But one should not ignore the possibility of Revisionist-fascist tendencies." (33) Ben-Gurion went on to describe the process whereby Silver would attempt to seize control of the Zionist movement.
It will entrench the kind of local bossism
of which the families of the likes of Duterte and Ampatuan (of Maguindanao massacre fame) are prime examples.
'Review: Oligarchic patrimonialism, bossism
, electoral clientelism, and contested democracy in the Philippines', Comparative Politics 37-2:229-50
(5) Similarly, in his research on local politics in the Philippines, John Sidel has pointed to other factors such as entrenched local clans and "bossism
", which can provide particular candidates with unrivalled electoral advantages and a strong grip on local sources of political and economic strength.
and Democracy in the Philippines, Thailand and Indonesia: Towards an Alternative Framework for the Study of 'Local Strongmen'".
While denying accusations of bossism
, they asserted,
Some of the discrepancy may be explained by: (1) the decade-long process in implementing provisions contained in the LGC; (2) the central government's reluctance to shift resources to sub-national units; and (3) the system of bossism
and cronyism that insulate elites from real accountability and public pressures (Hutchcroft 1994; 2000; Sidel 1999; 2005), leading to an abuse of discretionary funds that benefit them and not people with actual needs (Atkinson, Hicken and Ravanilla 2015).
For left wing thickists, the libertarian must embrace feminism, homosexual rights, labor unions and oppose hierarchies ("bossism
") and prejudice against minorities.
Rather, they often mirror the worst features of our political system, such as a rowdy fiesta atmosphere of mass entertainment, personality-centered parties, bossism
, vote-buying, guns, goons and gold-hardly an ideal environment for the exercise of sound judgment.
Sidel's explanation of the practice of bossism
in the Philippines depicts a process of economic domination by brokers in collusion with control over territory by elected officials on the levels of nation, district, and municipality.
For example, caciquismo (local political bossism
) was a marked feature of Spanish politics in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, and affected a wide range of political movements, not just those on the political right.