Furthermore, the retrofitting scheme used in this group (double bottom plates
) provides a moderate improvement in ultimate flexural strength compared to the other retrofitting schemes adopted in groups A (single bottom plate
) and B (top and bottom plates
The length of the girder segment (along the direction of bridge) is 12.0 m; the distance of two transverse diaphragms is 4.0 m; the thickness of the diaphragm is 12 mm; the width of the roof (along the transverse direction of bridge) is 20.12 m and thickness is 14 mm, while the bottom plate
is 17 m and thickness is 10 mm; the thickness of longitudinal diaphragm is 9 mm and U-shaped stiffener is 6 mm [17, 28].
The bottom plate
is lined with permanent magnets and the top (forcer) plate is lined with iron-core magnetic coils.
The intent is to turn the bottom plate
of the existing frame wall into a pan flashing.
Under the effect of the vehicle load, according to the flat section assumption, the top plate of the box girder along the longitudinal presents compression stress and the bottom plate
presents tensile stress.
Teysseyre and de los Reyes developed a top-gate molding system for encapsulating semiconductor devices based on mold cavities formed between a middle plate and a bottom plate
with an elaborate runner system.
Pick up the end of the bottom plate
, and lift it slightly, so that it makes a small angle with the bracket.
Hit the studs as close to the bottom plate
as you can, but not so hard that you pull out the nails on the top plate--that's a good way to catch a falling stud in the noggin.
Due to gaps between the bottom plate
and concrete plinth, water and air can penetrate and start corroding this area which can lead to the tank being shutdown for repair, or worse, replacement.
The product's unique features include a discjet bottom plate
which distributes the drying air from the bottom of the fluid bed at the same 45-degree angle as the nozzles deliver the coating liquid, as well as a Huttlin 3-fluid nozzle design which includes a compressed air supply for 'microclimate air'.
The scope of supply ranged from replacement of tank foundation, bottom plate
, CP system, overhauling of the roof drainage system and other tank accessories that need rehabilitation or replacement with a diameter of 60.98 m and height of 14.634 m.