bracero

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bra·ce·ro

 (brə-sâr′ō)
n. pl. bra·ce·ros
Any of the Mexican laborers in the mid-1900s who were permitted to enter the United States and work for a limited period of time, especially in agriculture.

[Spanish, laborer, from brazo, arm, from Latin brācchium, from Greek brakhīōn, upper arm; see mregh-u- in Indo-European roots.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

bracero

(bræˈkɛərəʊ)
n, pl -ros
a Mexican labourer working in the USA, esp one admitted into the country to relieve labour shortages during and immediately after World War II
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

bra•ce•ro

(brɑˈsɛər oʊ)

n., pl. -ros.
a Mexican laborer admitted legally into the U.S. for a short period to perform seasonal, usu. agricultural, labor.
[1915–20; < Sp: laborer, literally, one who swings his arms]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.bracero - a Mexican laborer who worked in the United States on farms and railroads in order to ease labor shortages during World War II
laborer, labourer, manual laborer, jack - someone who works with their hands; someone engaged in manual labor
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
The number of farm jobs certified to be filled by H-2A workers tripled over the past decade to 200,000 in FY17 and may surpass the peak number of Braceros by 2025 (the Bracero guest workerA0x20programA0x20ran from 1942 to 1964; at its peak in the mid-1950s, more than 450,000 Mexican workers participated in it each year).
Henry Pope Anderson's account of the Bracero Program in California says that workers often could not eat their bologna sandwiches, since they were such a departure from the Mexican diet: "To most braceros there are at least four things wrong with bologna sandwiches.
Black Labor, White Sugar: Caribbean Braceros and their Struggle for Power in the Cuban Sugar Industry.
Moreover, the study shows that braceros were not substantially replaced with domestic workers in the years immediately following exclusion; rather, the researchers find evidence that farm owners rapidly adopted new, labor-saving technologies.
Clemens and Hannah Postel, economists from the Center for Global Development, explored whether the experiment - the expulsion of Mexican braceros (manual laborers) to work (mostly farm work) temporarily in the U.S.
(1) The large cocoa and coffee plantations that came to envelop this Spanish island employed between 30,000 and 60,000 braceros 'arm people' or agricultural contract workers.
Guests were also impressed by the Crystal Seas' collection designed by Carmaela Braceros Alcantara, the 32-year-old prodigy of renowned jewelry designer Alexis Bittar.
In addition to the Braceros there were significant numbers of non-guest Mexican workers in the labor force in the southwestern part of the United States during the 50's and 60's.
It considers how the racialized anti-communism of the blacklist period shaped the photos and films made by agribusiness and farm worker unions; United Farm Workers filmmaking in relation to Latin American Third Cinema and anti-Vietnam War films and popular accounts of video and audiocassettes during the Iranian Revolution; how the technological visions of California agribusiness in the films of George Lucas and the activist art of Ester Hernandez and Barbara Carrasco engage with Cold War militarism; and farm workers in the films Sleep Dealer and Gatekeeper and the novella Lunar Braceros. ([umlaut] Ringgold, Inc., Portland, OR)