brachycephalic


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brach·y·ce·phal·ic

 (brăk′ĭ-sə-făl′ĭk) also brach·y·ceph·a·lous (-sĕf′ə-ləs)
adj.
Having a short, broad head with a cephalic index over 80.

brach′y·ceph′a·ly (-sĕf′ə-lē), brach′y·ceph′a·lism n.

brachycephalic

(ˌbrækɪsɪˈfælɪk)
adj
(Pathology) having a head nearly as broad from side to side as from front to back, esp one with a cephalic index over 80
n
(Pathology) an individual with such a head
ˌbrachyˈcephaly, ˌbrachyˈcephalism n

brach•y•ce•phal•ic

(ˌbræk i səˈfæl ɪk)

also brach•y•ceph•a•lous

(-ˈsɛf ə ləs)

adj.
short-headed; having a cephalic index of 81.0–85.4.
[1840–50; brachy- + -cephalic]
brach`y•ceph′a•ly, n.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.brachycephalic - an adult with a short broad head
adult, grownup - a fully developed person from maturity onward
Adj.1.brachycephalic - having a short broad head with a cephalic index of over 80
dolichocephalic, dolichocranial, dolichocranic - having a relatively long head with a cephalic index of under 75
References in periodicals archive ?
Brachycephalic is a term to describe the flattened face and short muzzle of breeds of animals.
Susie James, chairwoman of Friends of the Dogs - a charity dedicated to supporting lost, stray and abandoned dogs in Cardiff Dogs Home and Newport City Dogs Home - says the charity has seen a rise in the number of brachycephalic dogs, or flat-faced dogs, being taken into their care.
Many of those dogs are characterised by brachycephalic airway obstructive syndrome (BAOS), a narrowed airway compared to other types of dog - the result of intensive breeding to "flatten" their noses - which causes breathing difficulties and means the dog cannot pant, exercise, eat or sleep properly.
Brachycephalic dogs--those with shortened muzzles and faces like Boxers and Pugs--tend to sleep with their mouths open a bit.
Last year, the AVA in conjunction with RSPCA launched a campaign called Love Is Blind, with the aim of raising awareness of the health and welfare concerns associated with brachycephalic (flat-faced) dogs.
All the skulls studied classified as dolichocephalic (34 male/ 16 female), mesocephalic (29 male/ 32 female) and brachycephalic (21 male/ 18 female) were free from macroscopic abnormalities.
It was found that more than half (60%) tended to have a mesocephalic face, while 20% had dolichocephalic and 20%, brachycephalic face.
In cats, development is commonly associated with feline herpesvirus, and brachycephalic cats are predisposed.
There are even certain breeds of dogs that are more susceptible to heat-related illness, such as Bulldogs, Boston Terriers, and Pugs (or any other dog that is classified as a brachycephalic breed).
We know brachycephalic or so-called "screw tailed dogs" such as French bulldogs are predisposed to vertebral anomalies, and there is a big concern of what is considered "normal" for this breed by breeders and the impact of this on the dog's welfare.
However, it should be noted that BLOCKER & VAN DER WOERDT (2001) reported lower sensitivity of the central cornea in brachycephalic cats, which also have prominent eyes.