brain cell


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ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.brain cell - a nerve cell in the brainbrain cell - a nerve cell in the brain    
nerve cell, neuron - a cell that is specialized to conduct nerve impulses
Golgi cell, Golgi's cell - a neuron in the cerebral cortex with short dendrites and with either a long axon or a short axon that ramifies in the grey matter
Purkinje cell - a large densely branching neuron that is the characteristic cell of the cerebellar cortex
brain, encephalon - that part of the central nervous system that includes all the higher nervous centers; enclosed within the skull; continuous with the spinal cord
References in periodicals archive ?
This meant that every engineered brain cell was now identical.
Zika virus's tricks for interfering with human brain cell development may also be the virus's undoing.
Louis, found in mice and in mouse brain cell cultures that the disease impairs the transfer of proteins to energy-making factories inside brain cells.
But he added: "Our results suggest that small amyloid beta assemblies impact upon memory and normal brain cell function but don't kill brain cells.
Once a brain cell has arrived at the new location, movement stops and the brain cell forms connections with neighboring brain cells.
Now, in an in vitro study using human brain stem cells, a team of German and Californian researchers shows how a specific PCB congener, PCB-118, can interrupt normal TH function and cause the premature differentiation of one type of brain cell [EHP 113:871-876].
The physical phenomena produced by brain cell firings can be measured with modern equipment, and the data can be correlated with various cognitive and emotional states of the subjects.
What's more, the average person already lives in a more stimulating environment than lab mice do, so it's not clear whether further improvement would make any difference in brain cell numbers, she said.
When the mice were given antibodies that prevented transthyretin from interacting with the [beta]-amyloid protein, the mice showed typical brain cell death.
Developing the capability to induce adult stem cells to differentiate into cells that secrete a battery of neurotrophic factors is a major step forward because of the important role that these factors are believed to have in brain cell survival and growth," said Yoram Drucker, Principal Executive Officer of BrainStorm.
Those that took higher doses of nicotine also experienced the most brain cell death.
Each infected brain cell suffered a one-two punch when the virus simultaneously shut down activity of a protein called p53--which normally stops cells from growing out of control--and activated one of two cancer-promoting proteins.