With a technique like brain fingerprinting
, discussed infra in Section II.B.2., in which a memory, such as a memory of a criminal commission, may be "read" out from an uncooperative defendant's physical brain, prongs one and two are clearly satisfied, but the physical/testimonial question remains.
There are many scientific challenges to the brain fingerprinting
when people lie; (32) and (2) brain fingerprinting
, developed by
State, commonly called "Brain Fingerprinting
," (43) and the second is functional magnetic resonance imaging.
history also have neural representations, (163) Brain fingerprinting
(43) Two methods being specifically cultivated for lie detection purposes are functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) (44) and "Brain Fingerprinting
, or brain-wave analysis, is the first of the new technologies using actual monitoring of brain activity.
(13) Many of them, particularly fMRI (14) and "brain fingerprinting
," (15) show great promise, but none is as yet widely accepted by the legal or medical communities and none is foolproof.
Lawrence Farwell develops Farwell Brain Fingerprinting
, which identifies criminals by measuring brain responses to viewing pictures.
Among Frey's predictions for the future are the collapse of income taxes, brain fingerprinting
, fractal transactions and other unorthodox ideas.
Truth serums, Hypnosis, Polygraph, Reid System of interrogation, Statement Analysis, Scientific Content Analysis, Speech Analysis, Vocal-stress analysis, Cognoscopy, Thermal imaging, Brain fingerprinting
, the study of micro-gestures and a host of other techniques were investigated.