brainstem


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Related to brainstem: midbrain, pons, brainstem glioma

brain·stem

or brain stem  (brān′stĕm′)
n.
The portion of the brain, consisting of the medulla oblongata, pons Varolii, and midbrain, that connects the spinal cord to the forebrain and cerebrum.

brainstem

(ˈbreɪnˌstɛm)
n
(Anatomy) the stalklike part of the brain consisting of the medulla oblongata, the midbrain, and the pons Varolii

brain′stem`

or brain′ stem`,



n.
the portion of the brain that is continuous with the spinal cord and in mammals comprises the medulla oblongata and parts of the midbrain.
[1875–80]

brain·stem

(brān′stĕm′)
The part of the vertebrate brain located at the base of the brain and important in the control of many voluntary and involuntary body functions. In humans and other mammals, the brainstem is composed of the pons, medulla, and midbrain.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.brainstem - the part of the brain continuous with the spinal cord and comprising the medulla oblongata and pons and midbrain and parts of the hypothalamusbrainstem - the part of the brain continuous with the spinal cord and comprising the medulla oblongata and pons and midbrain and parts of the hypothalamus
neural structure - a structure that is part of the nervous system
brain, encephalon - that part of the central nervous system that includes all the higher nervous centers; enclosed within the skull; continuous with the spinal cord
medulla oblongata, medulla, bulb - lower or hindmost part of the brain; continuous with spinal cord; (`bulb' is an old term for medulla oblongata); "the medulla oblongata is the most vital part of the brain because it contains centers controlling breathing and heart functioning"
pons Varolii, pons - a band of nerve fibers linking the medulla oblongata and the cerebellum with the midbrain
reticular formation, RF - a complex neural network in the central core of the brainstem; monitors the state of the body and functions in such processes as arousal and sleep and attention and muscle tone
Translations

brainstem

n tronco cerebral or encefálico, tallo cerebral or encefálico
References in periodicals archive ?
Holmkvist, "Bilaterally recorded auditory brainstem responses to monaural stimulation.
Overexpression of PPAR[gamma] and amelioration of oxidative stress in the brainstem rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM), where sympathetic promotor neurons reside, underlies the cardiovascular protective action of RSG.
In an exclusive interview with Gulf News, the doctors from the ENT (ears, nose and throat) department at Dubai Hospital said they carried out an auditory brainstem implant (ABI) procedure in the first week of July.
The auditory brainstem response (ABR) provides such an objective measure of auditory function; its uses have included evaluation of hearing thresholds in infants, children, and individuals who are difficult to test, assessment of auditory neuropathy, and screening for retrocochlear function [9].
These include electrically evoked auditory brainstem response (EABR), electrically evoked stapedial reflex threshold (ESRT), electrically compound action potentials (ECAP), middle latency responses (MLR), and cortical responses (CR).
KEYWORDS: Auditory threshold, Deafness, Evoked potentials, Hearing, Auditory brainstem response, Auditory steady state response.
We performed audiological tests, such as pure tone audiometry (PTA), otoacoustic emission, auditory brainstem response (ABR), and auditory steady-state response (ASSR).
There was no contrast enhanced lesion or any lesion on the brainstem. Pure tone audiogram showed sensorineural hearing loss (Fig.
AUCs in predicting death for patients with brainstem or cerebella were poor for GCS-M (<0.700), in predicting poor prognosis ranged from 0.727 to 0.801 for GCS-M and from 0.704 to 0.820 for GCS, with no significant difference between GCS-M AUCs and GCS AUCs within 72 h (P > 0.05).
Dr Pavlov's team plans to map the neural signals coming from the brainstem through the vagus nerve to the body's organs during sepsis.