With Butler's Journal, Butler had secured the means to become a "brainworker
"; (9) at his death in 1915, he concluded twenty-five years as a working-class and class-conscious editor, publisher, printer, poet, reformer and radical, one who helped found the Fredericton Socialist League in 1902.
Leading in the opposite direction, a fine edition of Ruskin's Unto this Last (1860) suggests the possibility of brainworkers
becoming handworkers, bound as it was in the 1880s by T.J.
Beyond the two 'brainworkers
', as Maddox Brown called them, on the far left, a beer-bloated man and unemployed itinerants idle on the bank leading down to Heath Street.
On the other hand, as the lower fertility rate in upper-class occupations was, in part, due to the economic penalties of the present system of parenthood, family allowances, if they roughly met the cost of maintenance of the children of "brainworkers
" and skilled manual labour, "would result in many (but by no means all) of them having slightly larger families than they at present permit themselves" (Rathbone, 1924a: 286; Rathbone, 1924b).
(1917), "What is to be Learned from the Professional Associations of Brainworkers
as to the Sphere of Control by Vocational Organisations?" Fabian Report published in New Statesman, 21 April 1917: 1-24; 28 April 1917: 25-48.
The following year Herbert Morrison posed the question 'Can Labour win London without the Middle-classes?' In firmly answering 'no' Morrison encouraged organizers to gain the confidence and votes of those he called 'brainworkers
Though started by a fanatic named Malister, the catastrophe is construed by the narrator as finally fortunate--hence the title, cribbed from Tennyson--in that "a great number of the poorer classes had been swept away." It is the special character of this "wonderfully discriminating plague" to "kill off all the criminals and spare the brainworkers
." The Spencer-Darwin note is strong and the all-purpose phrase "survival of the fittest" is invoked repeatedly.
and the knights of labor: E.E.Sheppard, Phillips Thompson, and the Toronto News, 1883-1887." In Gregory S.