branchial


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia.
Related to branchial: Branchial cleft cyst, branchial fistula, Branchial cyst, branchial sinus, branchial apparatus

bran·chi·al

 (brăng′kē-əl)
adj.
Of, relating to, or resembling the gills of a fish, their homologous embryonic structures, or the derivatives of their homologous parts in mammals: branchial muscles.

branchial

(ˈbræŋkɪəl)
adj
1. (Zoology) of or relating to the gills of an aquatic animal, esp a fish
2. (Zoology) of or relating to homologous structures in higher vertebrates: branchial cyst.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.branchial - of or relating to gills (or to parts of the body derived from embryonic gills)
References in classic literature ?
We cannot, for instance, suppose that in the embryos of the vertebrata the peculiar loop-like course of the arteries near the branchial slits are related to similar conditions,--in the young mammal which is nourished in the womb of its mother, in the egg of the bird which is hatched in a nest, and in the spawn of a frog under water.
After having been taken out of water for a short time, and then again immersed in it, a considerable quantity both of water and air is absorbed by the mouth, and perhaps likewise by the branchial orifices.
The fish, having remained in this distended state for a short time, generally expelled the air and water with considerable force from the branchial apertures and mouth.
KEY WORDS: parasites, trematodes, branchial coccidia, rickettsiales-like organisms, hemocytic infiltration, razor clam Ensis macha (Pharidae)
It has been proposed that choristoma of the middle ear could be part of a syndrome characterized by embryonic developmental anomalies, as suggested by its frequent association with ossicular chain, facial nerve, and second branchial arch anomalies.
Histopathologic results were consistent with a branchial cyst with carcinoma.
Of the spring systems that were populated with snails, all contained the trematode and were positive for branchial infection in fish, except Diamond Y Springs that contained uninfected snails and fish during both years.
Cetorhinus maximus is also characterized by having large gill slits that nearly encircle the head, numerous long, filamentous dermal denticle gill takers lining the anterior and posterior sides of each branchial arch, a strongly pointed snout and large subterminal mouth with numerous small, monocuspid teeth, strong lateral keels on the caudal peduncle and a large lunate caudal fin (Compagno, 2001).
The fetal branchial apparatus develops in the 2nd gestational week and consists of 6 pairs of mesodermal arches separated by 5 ectoderm-lined branchial clefts externally and 5 endoderm-lined pharyngeal pouches internally.
The denticles and denticulate platelets discovered, along with rostral, cephalo-pectoral and lateral scales, give evidence that they come from the anterior part of the body, from the lining of the bucco-pharyngeal and branchial regions (i.