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 (bro͞om′rāp′, bro͝om′-)
Any of various parasitic herbs of the genus Orobanche, having purplish or yellowish flowers and small scalelike leaves that lack chlorophyll. Broomrape grows on the roots of various plants.

[Translation of Medieval Latin rāpum genistae : Latin rāpum, underground stock of a tree + Latin genistae, genitive of genista, broom (from the growth of these tubers on the roots of broom).]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(ˈbruːmˌreɪp; ˈbrʊm-)
(Plants) any orobanchaceous plant of the genus Orobanche: brownish small-flowered leafless parasites on the roots of other plants, esp on legumes
[C16: adaptation and partial translation of Medieval Latin rāpum genistae tuber (hence: root nodule) of Genista (a type of broom plant)]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈbrumˌreɪp, ˈbrʊm-)

any of various parasitic plants living on the roots of broom and other plants.
[1570–80; partial translation of Medieval Latin rāpum genistae tuber of the broom plant]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Elemental and chicken manure for control of branched broomrape (Orobanche ramose) Crop Protection 19, 169-173.
Induction of systemic acquired resistance against rust, ascochyta blight and broomrape in faba bean by exogenous application of salicylic acid and benzothiadiazole.
Epifagus virginiana is a member of the Orobanchaceae or Broomrape family.
Another related parasitic species which has arguably the most beautiful flower is the one-flowered broomrape (Orobanche uniflora), also known as cancer-root.
evening primrose Orobanchaeae Broomrape Family Castilleja exserta (A.
Broomrape (Orobanche spp.) is an annual, root holoparasitic herb propagated by seeds.
Broomrape seed transport has been suggested as one of the main factors in the dispersion of the infestation [15].
[32] found that a combination of alginate pellets and pesta granules formulated with the Fusarium oxysporum isolate FOG was more efficacious and reliable in controlling the parasitic weed branched broomrape (Phelipanche ramosa (L.) Pomel) than the control under field conditions.