Once it is built, China-Kyrgyzstan-Uzbekistan railway will provide access to 23 deposits, brown coal
, gold, aluminum, iron, lead and other mines among them, the Minister added.
Although the Thar reserves are massive, they are lignite, a 'brown coal
', which because of latent high moisture content and low energy density, has carbon dioxide emissions which are much higher per megawatt than even 'black coal' plants.
Climate activists occupying railtracks in Neurath, close to the Garzweiler brown coal
mine in western Germany, yesterday during a weekend of massive protests in a growing 'climate civil disobedience' movement.
At the warmest time of the year, June (far more electricity needed in winter) Germany produces up to 12,000 megawatts of electricity from soft, filthy brown coal
or lignite and up to 5,800MW from hard black coal, often totalling almost 18,000MW from coal, while the UK frequently produces no electricity from coal.
Initially the peat was converted into 'brown coal
' and over many more millions of years, the continuing effects of temperature and pressure produces further change in the brown coal
The decrease of lignite or brown coal
power was only "marginal," according to the think tank's experts.
Germany also mines brown coal
, or lignite, which is cheaper but highly polluting.
"There are four prominent types of coal used around the world [for the purpose] lignite, bituminous, sub-bituminous and anthracite and lignite discovered in Thar and known as brown coal
contains less amount of carbon and a greater amount of water.
While opposition deputy Karol Galek sees the increased subsidy for electricity production from low-quality brown coal
behind the hike, the regulator argues with the higher prices of European carbon allowances (EUAs).
Uzbekistan's explored reserves amount to 1.853 million tons of brown coal
and 47 million tons of black coal.
It's chief executive officer Ahmad Faizul Mohamed Alwi had said the project would utilise Chinese environmentally-friendly technology that uses lignite, a brown coal
, and employ a zero waste system that has been in use for eight years.
The police are investigating the incident as a suicide case as they found lit brown coal
on a frying pan at his residence,the report added.