brown fat


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brown fat

n.
One of two types of fatty tissue in mammals, especially in newborn infants and hibernating animals, that is composed of dark-colored cells containing numerous mitochondria and lipids, which are converted into body heat.

brown fat

n
(Physiology) tissue composed of a type of fat cell that dissipates as heat most of the energy released when food is oxidized; brown adipose tissue. It is present in hibernating animals and human babies and is thought to be important in adult weight control

brown′ fat′


n.
brownish yellow adipose tissue that accumulates in hibernating mammals, producing heat if the body becomes too cold.
References in periodicals archive ?
Understanding the brown fat tissue and how it can be used to such ends is of growing interest in the search to help people suffering from obesity or at a high risk of developing diabetes.
People who have more brown fat than those with less brown fat may be able to burn more calories, tend to be leaner, and also have a lower risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
There are two types of fat in the human body: brown fat and white fat.
A survey reveals they can help you lose weight because when you're with pals you burn up brown fat, which burns calories.
Mice lacking a protein that responds to the hunger-promoting hormone ghrelin burn more energy in their brown fat than other mice, Yuxiang Sun of Baylor College of Medicine in Houston reported December 13.
Mice lacking the gene also had twice as many brown fat cells as normal mice.
Scientists have discovered a biochemical switch that triggers the creation of brown fat, which is normally present in newborn babies but almost absent in adults.
But brown fat is different: It's a type of fat that burns energy and gives off heat.
This unique protein (UCP1) is normally only active in brown fat, a type of fat that is capable of non-shivering thermogenesis, a process that ultimately results in an increase in metabolic rate by "uncoupling" energy transfer in the cells.
a company harnessing breakthroughs in brown fat biology and insulin sensitization to revolutionize the treatment of metabolic disease, today announced the publication of key preclinical data demonstrating that inhibition of the Transient Receptor Potential Vanilloid (TRPV) family of ion channels - specifically TRPV4 - resulted in activation of brown/beige fat and protection from diet-induced obesity, inflammation and insulin resistance.
But one thing which is not too well known to everyone is how to exercise properly so as to develop one's brown fat (our good fat), and reduce one's white fat (the bad fat).
The scientists found two hormones that were naturally occurring in the brain, which converted white fat to brown fat cells, otherwise known as adipocytes and burns energy.