bruise


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Idioms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

bruise

 (bro͞oz)
v. bruised, bruis·ing, bruis·es
v.tr.
1.
a. To injure the underlying soft tissue or bone of (part of the body) without breaking the skin, as by a blow.
b. To damage (plant tissue), as by abrasion or pressure: bruised the fruit by careless packing.
2. To dent or mar.
3. To pound (berries, for example) into fragments; crush.
4. To hurt, especially psychologically.
v.intr.
To experience or undergo bruising: Peaches bruise easily.
n.
1. An injury to underlying tissues or bone in which the skin is not broken, often characterized by ruptured blood vessels and discolorations.
2. A similar injury to plant tissue, often resulting in discoloration or spoilage.
3. A painful feeling caused by or associated with an experience.

[Middle English bruisen, from Old English brȳsan, to crush, and from Old North French bruisier (of Celtic origin).]

bruise

(bruːz)
vb (mainly tr)
1. (Pathology) (also intr) to injure (tissues) without breaking the skin, usually with discoloration, or (of tissues) to be injured in this way
2. to offend or injure (someone's feelings) by an insult, unkindness, etc
3. to damage the surface of (something), as by a blow
4. (Cookery) to crush (food, etc) by pounding or pressing
n
(Pathology) a bodily injury without a break in the skin, usually with discoloration; contusion
[Old English brӯsan, of Celtic origin; compare Irish brūigim I bruise]

bruise

(bruz)

v. bruised, bruis•ing,
n. v.t.
1. to injure by striking or pressing, without breaking the skin.
2. to injure or hurt slightly, as with an insult or unkind remark.
3. to crush (drugs or food) by beating or pounding.
v.i.
4. to develop or bear a discolored spot on the skin as the result of a blow, fall, etc.
5. to become slightly injured: feelings that bruise easily.
n.
6. an injury due to bruising; contusion.
[before 900; Middle English bro(o)sen, bres(s)en]

bruise


Past participle: bruised
Gerund: bruising

Imperative
bruise
bruise
Present
I bruise
you bruise
he/she/it bruises
we bruise
you bruise
they bruise
Preterite
I bruised
you bruised
he/she/it bruised
we bruised
you bruised
they bruised
Present Continuous
I am bruising
you are bruising
he/she/it is bruising
we are bruising
you are bruising
they are bruising
Present Perfect
I have bruised
you have bruised
he/she/it has bruised
we have bruised
you have bruised
they have bruised
Past Continuous
I was bruising
you were bruising
he/she/it was bruising
we were bruising
you were bruising
they were bruising
Past Perfect
I had bruised
you had bruised
he/she/it had bruised
we had bruised
you had bruised
they had bruised
Future
I will bruise
you will bruise
he/she/it will bruise
we will bruise
you will bruise
they will bruise
Future Perfect
I will have bruised
you will have bruised
he/she/it will have bruised
we will have bruised
you will have bruised
they will have bruised
Future Continuous
I will be bruising
you will be bruising
he/she/it will be bruising
we will be bruising
you will be bruising
they will be bruising
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been bruising
you have been bruising
he/she/it has been bruising
we have been bruising
you have been bruising
they have been bruising
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been bruising
you will have been bruising
he/she/it will have been bruising
we will have been bruising
you will have been bruising
they will have been bruising
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been bruising
you had been bruising
he/she/it had been bruising
we had been bruising
you had been bruising
they had been bruising
Conditional
I would bruise
you would bruise
he/she/it would bruise
we would bruise
you would bruise
they would bruise
Past Conditional
I would have bruised
you would have bruised
he/she/it would have bruised
we would have bruised
you would have bruised
they would have bruised
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.bruise - an injury that doesn't break the skin but results in some discolorationbruise - an injury that doesn't break the skin but results in some discoloration
harm, hurt, injury, trauma - any physical damage to the body caused by violence or accident or fracture etc.
ecchymosis - the purple or black-and-blue area resulting from a bruise
petechia - a minute red or purple spot on the surface of the skin as the result of tiny hemorrhages of blood vessels in the skin (as in typhoid fever)
black eye, shiner, mouse - a swollen bruise caused by a blow to the eye
Verb1.bruise - injure the underlying soft tissue or bone of; "I bruised my knee"
injure, wound - cause injuries or bodily harm to
jam, crush - crush or bruise; "jam a toe"
2.bruise - hurt the feelings of; "She hurt me when she did not include me among her guests"; "This remark really bruised my ego"
affront, diss, insult - treat, mention, or speak to rudely; "He insulted her with his rude remarks"; "the student who had betrayed his classmate was dissed by everyone"
arouse, elicit, evoke, provoke, enkindle, kindle, fire, raise - call forth (emotions, feelings, and responses); "arouse pity"; "raise a smile"; "evoke sympathy"
lacerate - deeply hurt the feelings of; distress; "his lacerating remarks"
sting - cause an emotional pain, as if by stinging; "His remark stung her"
abase, chagrin, humiliate, humble, mortify - cause to feel shame; hurt the pride of; "He humiliated his colleague by criticising him in front of the boss"
3.bruise - break up into small pieces for food preparation; "bruise the berries with a wooden spoon and strain them"
cookery, cooking, preparation - the act of preparing something (as food) by the application of heat; "cooking can be a great art"; "people are needed who have experience in cookery"; "he left the preparation of meals to his wife"
crush - break into small pieces; "The car crushed the toy"
4.bruise - damage (plant tissue) by abrasion or pressure; "The customer bruised the strawberries by squeezing them"
plant life, flora, plant - (botany) a living organism lacking the power of locomotion
damage - inflict damage upon; "The snow damaged the roof"; "She damaged the car when she hit the tree"

bruise

noun
1. discoloration, mark, injury, trauma (Pathology), blemish, black mark, contusion, black-and-blue mark How did you get that bruise on your cheek?
verb
1. hurt, injure, mark, blacken, discolour, contuse, make black and blue I had only bruised my knee.
2. damage, mark, mar, blemish, discolour Be sure to store them carefully or they'll get bruised.
3. injure, hurt, pain, wound, slight, insult, sting, offend, grieve, displease, rile, pique Men's egos are so easily bruised.

bruise

verb
To make a bruise or bruises on:
Translations
كدمةكَدْمَةكَدْمَه، رَضّـهيَكْدِمُ، يَرُضُّ
modřinaotlačeninapodlitinapotlouct se
blåt mærkefå et blåt mærke
mustelmasaadahakatakolhiamukiloida
modricamasnica
mar, marbletturmerjast; fá marblett
打撲傷
타박상
gauti mėlynęsumušimassusimušti
dabūt zilumusasistsasitumszilums
modrina
modricaodrgnina
blåmärke
แผลฟกช้ำ
bereçürükçürütmekmorartımorartmak
vết thâm tím

bruise

[bruːz]
A. N (on person) → cardenal m, moretón m (esp LAm); (on fruit) → maca f, magulladura f
B. VT
1. [+ leg etc] → magullar, amoratar (esp LAm); [+ fruit] → magullar, dañar
2. (fig) [+ feelings] → herir
C. VI I bruise easilyme salen cardenales or moretones con facilidad

bruise

[ˈbruːz]
n
(on person)bleu m, ecchymose f, contusion f
(on fruit)meurtrissure f, talure f
vt
[+ person] → faire un bleu à, contusionner
to bruise one's arm → se faire un bleu au bras
[+ fruit] → abîmer
(= hurt the feelings of) → blesser
vi
[fruit] → se taler, se meurtrir
[person] to bruise easily → se faire facilement des bleus

bruise

n (on person) → blauer Fleck; (more serious) → Prellung f, → Bluterguss m (esp Med); (on fruit) → Druckstelle f
vt personeinen blauen Fleck/blaue Flecke(n) schlagen (+dat)or beibringen (+dat); (more seriously) → eine Prellung/Prellungen beibringen (+dat); fruitbeschädigen; (fig) person, spirit, feelingsverletzen; to bruise oneselfsich stoßen, sich (dat)einen blauen Fleck holen; to bruise one’s elbowsich (dat)einen blauen Fleck am Ellbogen holen
vi (person, part of body)einen blauen Fleck/blaue Flecke(n) bekommen; (fruit)eine Druckstelle/Druckstellen bekommen; (fig, person, feelings) → verletzt werden; he bruises easilyer bekommt leicht blaue Flecken; (fig)er ist sehr empfindlich

bruise

[bruːz]
1. n (on person) → livido; (on fruit) → ammaccatura
2. vt (leg) → farsi un livido a; (fruit) → ammaccare (fig) (feelings) → urtare
3. vi (fruit) → ammaccarsi
I bruise easily → mi vengono facilmente i lividi sulla pelle

bruise

(bruːz) noun
an injury caused by a blow to a person or a fruit, turning the skin a dark colour. bruises all over his legs; apples covered in bruises.
verb
to cause or develop such a mark on the skin. She bruised her forehead; She bruises easily.

bruise

كَدْمَة modřina blåt mærke blauer Fleck μώλωπας magulladura mustelma bleu modrica livido 打撲傷 타박상 kneuzing blåmerke stłuczenie contusão синяк blåmärke แผลฟกช้ำ bere vết thâm tím 擦伤

bruise

n. magulladura, Lat. Am. magullón, cardenal;
vr. magullarse, hacerse una magulladura, un morado o cardenal.

bruise

n moretón m; stone — (fam) dolor m de la región metatarsal del pie; vt causar or producir moretones; vi salir(le) or hacerse (le) (a uno) moretones; Do you bruise easily?..¿Le salen moretones fácilmente?..Se le hacen moretones fácilmente?
References in classic literature ?
Between Thee and the Woman I will put Enmitie, and between thine and her Seed; Her Seed shall bruise thy head, thou bruise his heel.
So spake this Oracle, then verifi'd When JESUS son of MARY second EVE, Saw Satan fall like Lightning down from Heav'n, Prince of the Aire; then rising from his Grave Spoild Principalities and Powers, triumpht In open shew, and with ascention bright Captivity led captive through the Aire, The Realme it self of Satan long usurpt, Whom he shall tread at last under our feet; Eevn hee who now foretold his fatal bruise, And to the Woman thus his Sentence turn'd.
Everything being settled at the inn, the ladies discharged their former guides, and Sophia made a present to the landlord, partly to repair the bruise which he had received under herself, and partly on account of what he had suffered under the hands of her enraged waiting-woman.
My landlord was so pleased with the present he had received from Sophia, that he rather rejoiced in than regretted his bruise or his scratches.
She was astonished, not by the spiritual fact that such bruise had been administered by the one she loved most in the world, but by the sheer physical fact that an instant's pressure had inflicted so much damage.
She wept in the loneliness of the all-too-spacious bed, strove to forget Billy's incomprehensible cruelty, even pillowed her cheek with numb fondness against the bruise of her arm; but still resentment burned within her, a steady flame of protest against Billy and all that Billy had done.
While he lamented and bewailed his sores and bruises, and cried loudly for help, a neighbor ran to the well, and learning what had happened said: "Hark ye, old fellow, why, in striving to pry into what is in heaven, do you not manage to see what is on earth?
Ginger was never put into the carriage again, but when she was well of her bruises one of the Lord W 's younger sons said he should like to have her; he was sure she would make a good hunter.
There was a fumbling and a scratching of matches, and the sea-lamp flared up, dim and smoky, and in its weird light bare-legged men moved about nursing their bruises and caring for their hurts.
He was the only man who was not out of his bunk, and he was jubilant in that he possessed no bruises to advertise that he had had a hand in the night's work.
Nor was Don Quixote less so, for what with blows and bruises he could not sit upright on the ass, and from time to time he sent up sighs to heaven, so that once more he drove the peasant to ask what ailed him.
Blood stood upon bruises on his knotty fore-arms where they had scraped against the floor or the walls in the scuffle.