buckram


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buck·ram

 (bŭk′rəm)
n.
1. A coarse cotton or linen fabric heavily sized with glue, used for stiffening garments and in bookbinding.
2. Archaic Rigid formality.
adj.
Resembling or suggesting buckram, as in stiffness or formality: "a wondrous buckram style" (Thomas Carlyle).
tr.v. buck·ramed, buck·ram·ing, buck·rams
To stiffen with or as if with buckram.

[Middle English bukeram, fine linen, from Old French boquerant and from Old Italian bucherame, both after Bukhara (Bukhoro), from which fine linen was once imported.]

buckram

(ˈbʌkrəm)
n
1. (Textiles)
a. cotton or linen cloth stiffened with size, etc, used in lining or stiffening clothes, bookbinding, etc
b. (as modifier): a buckram cover.
2. archaic stiffness of manner
vb, -rams, -raming or -ramed
(Textiles) (tr) to stiffen with buckram
[C14: from Old French boquerant, from Old Provençal bocaran, ultimately from Bukhara, once an important source of textiles]

buck•ram

(ˈbʌk rəm)
n.
1. a stiffly sized fabric of cotton, linen, hemp, hair, or the like, used for interlinings, book bindings, etc.
2. stiffness of manner; extreme preciseness or formality.
v.t.
3. to strengthen with buckram.
4. Archaic. to give a false appearance of importance, value, or strength to.
[1175–1225; Middle English bukeram < Middle High German buckeram, said to be after Bukhara, once noted for textiles]

buckram


Past participle: buckramed
Gerund: buckraming

Imperative
buckram
buckram
Present
I buckram
you buckram
he/she/it buckrams
we buckram
you buckram
they buckram
Preterite
I buckramed
you buckramed
he/she/it buckramed
we buckramed
you buckramed
they buckramed
Present Continuous
I am buckraming
you are buckraming
he/she/it is buckraming
we are buckraming
you are buckraming
they are buckraming
Present Perfect
I have buckramed
you have buckramed
he/she/it has buckramed
we have buckramed
you have buckramed
they have buckramed
Past Continuous
I was buckraming
you were buckraming
he/she/it was buckraming
we were buckraming
you were buckraming
they were buckraming
Past Perfect
I had buckramed
you had buckramed
he/she/it had buckramed
we had buckramed
you had buckramed
they had buckramed
Future
I will buckram
you will buckram
he/she/it will buckram
we will buckram
you will buckram
they will buckram
Future Perfect
I will have buckramed
you will have buckramed
he/she/it will have buckramed
we will have buckramed
you will have buckramed
they will have buckramed
Future Continuous
I will be buckraming
you will be buckraming
he/she/it will be buckraming
we will be buckraming
you will be buckraming
they will be buckraming
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been buckraming
you have been buckraming
he/she/it has been buckraming
we have been buckraming
you have been buckraming
they have been buckraming
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been buckraming
you will have been buckraming
he/she/it will have been buckraming
we will have been buckraming
you will have been buckraming
they will have been buckraming
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been buckraming
you had been buckraming
he/she/it had been buckraming
we had been buckraming
you had been buckraming
they had been buckraming
Conditional
I would buckram
you would buckram
he/she/it would buckram
we would buckram
you would buckram
they would buckram
Past Conditional
I would have buckramed
you would have buckramed
he/she/it would have buckramed
we would have buckramed
you would have buckramed
they would have buckramed
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.buckram - a coarse cotton fabric stiffened with glue; used in bookbinding and to stiffen clothing
cloth, fabric, textile, material - artifact made by weaving or felting or knitting or crocheting natural or synthetic fibers; "the fabric in the curtains was light and semitransparent"; "woven cloth originated in Mesopotamia around 5000 BC"; "she measured off enough material for a dress"
Verb1.buckram - stiffen with or as with buckram; "buckram the skirt"
stiffen - make stiff or stiffer; "Stiffen the cream by adding gelatine"
Adj.1.buckram - rigidly formal; "a starchy manner"; "the letter was stiff and formal"; "his prose has a buckram quality"
formal - being in accord with established forms and conventions and requirements (as e.g. of formal dress); "pay one's formal respects"; "formal dress"; "a formal ball"; "the requirement was only formal and often ignored"; "a formal education"

buckram

adjective
So rigidly constrained, formal, or awkward as to lack all grace and spontaneity:
Translations

buckram

[ˈbʌkrəm] Nbucarán m

buckram

nBuckram m
adj attrBuckram-

buckram

[ˈbʌkrəm] ntela rigida
References in classic literature ?
One of the students carried, wrapped up in a piece of green buckram by way of a portmanteau, what seemed to be a little linen and a couple of pairs of-ribbed stockings; the other carried nothing but a pair of new fencing-foils with buttons.
From the sorrow of a Hottentot to that of a woman in large buckram sleeves, with several bracelets on each arm, an architectural bonnet, and delicate ribbon strings, what a long series of gradations!
No sooner had they reached the mules, than the Jew, with hasty and trembling hands, secured behind the saddle a small bag of blue buckram, which he took from under his cloak, containing, as be muttered, ``a change of raiment only a change of raiment.'' Then getting upon the animal with more alacrity and haste than could have been anticipated from his years, he lost no time in so disposing of the skirts of his gabardine as to conceal completely from observation the burden which he had thus deposited en croupe.
They tended their flocks severely in buckram and powder and put their sticking-plaster patches on to terrify commoners as the chiefs of some other tribes put on their war-paint.
'As the guard spoke, there all at once appeared, right in front of my uncle, a young gentleman in a powdered wig, and a sky- blue coat trimmed with silver, made very full and broad in the skirts, which were lined with buckram. Tiggin and Welps were in the printed calico and waistcoat piece line, gentlemen, so my uncle knew all the materials at once.
"He felt his lips go stiff like buckram, and instead of a reassuring smile only achieved an uncertain grimace.
It was not so much a better principle, as partly his natural good taste, and still more his buckramed habit of clerical decorum, that carried him safely through the latter crisis.
The Hunters' hats are structured with chicken wire and children's star hats are stiffened with recycled cardboard instead of buckram. These differences work well for The Little Prince, however.
Unfortunately, two of the University of Pennsylvania's three copies have been rebound in rather unattractive buckram bindings, and the other is in a new half leather binding.
The massive volumes held in London's Wellcome Collection are bound in dyed green goatskin and buckram, with gilt lettering on the spine.
Its first product for this market was Hovotex nonwoven buckram, a washable and dry-cleanable stiffener used to hold the pleats in pinch-pleat draperies.
Working longer hours than the usual nine-to-five, her day starting at 9 am but extended up to 7 pm a little more than two-thirds of the minimum national wage, Rubina Ahmed*, a mother of three and the sole breadwinner for her family, works at a garments factory where she stitches buckram [hard fabric] in shirt collars and cuffs.