bulwark


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bul·wark

 (bo͝ol′wərk, -wôrk′, bŭl′-)
n.
1. A wall or embankment raised as a defensive fortification; a rampart.
2. Something serving as a defense or safeguard: "We have seen the necessity of the Union, as our bulwark against foreign danger" (James Madison).
3. A breakwater.
4. often bulwarks The part of a ship's side that is above the upper deck.
tr.v. bul·warked, bul·wark·ing, bul·warks
1. To fortify with a wall, embankment, or rampart.
2. To provide defense or protection for: "the wetland that bulwarked the pond" (Edward Hoagland).

[Middle English bulwerk, from Middle Dutch bolwerk, from Middle High German bolwerc : bole, plank; see bhel- in Indo-European roots + werc, work (from Old High German; see werg- in Indo-European roots).]
Synonyms: bulwark, barricade, breastwork, earthwork, rampart, bastion, parapet
These nouns refer literally to structures used as a defense against attack. A bulwark is a strong defensive barrier, often an embankment or wall-like fortification, from which fire can be directed. A barricade is an improvised barrier meant to stop or slow an advancing threat. Breastwork denotes a low defensive wall, especially a temporary one hurriedly built. An earthwork is an embankment made of soil, and may include a trench or moat. A rampart, the main defensive structure around a guarded place, is permanent, high, and broad. A bastion is a projecting section of a fortification from which defenders have a wide range of view and fire. Parapet applies to any low fortification, typically a wall atop a rampart. Of these words bulwark, bastion, and rampart are the most frequently used to refer figuratively to something regarded as being a safeguard or a source of protection: "The only sure bulwark of continuing liberty is a government strong enough to protect the interests of the people, and a people strong enough ... to maintain its sovereign control over its government" (Franklin D. Roosevelt)."the University of Virginia, a school founded by Jefferson to be a bastion of free thought" (Garry Wills)."The sense of being a couple ... is the strongest rampart against the relentless threat of our divorce culture" (Judith S. Wallerstein).

bulwark

(ˈbʊlwək)
n
1. (Fortifications) a wall or similar structure used as a fortification; rampart
2. a person or thing acting as a defence against injury, annoyance, etc
3. (Nautical Terms) (often plural) nautical a solid vertical fencelike structure along the outward sides of a deck
4. (Navigation) a breakwater or mole
vb
(Fortifications) (tr) to defend or fortify with or as if with a bulwark
[C15: via Dutch from Middle High German bolwerk, from bol plank, bole1 + werk work]

bul•wark

(ˈbʊl wərk, -wɔrk, ˈbʌl-)
n.
1. a wall of earth or other material built for defense; rampart.
2. any protection against external danger, injury, or annoyance.
3. any person or thing giving strong support or encouragement in time of need, danger, or doubt.
4. Usu., bulwarks. (on a ship) a wall enclosing the perimeter of a weather or main deck.
v.t.
5. to fortify or protect with a bulwark.
[1375–1425; late Middle English bulwerk, probably < Middle Dutch bolwerc]

bulwark

- Comes from German bole, "plank," and werc, "work," and originally meant "rampart made out of planks or tree trunks."
See also related terms for rampart.

Bulwark

 a collection of persons acting as a defense or safeguard to protect an ideal or way of life.
Examples: bulwark of Christendom, 1577; of our laws, 1614; of our liberties, 1789; to theology, 1837.

bulwark


Past participle: bulwarked
Gerund: bulwarking

Imperative
bulwark
bulwark
Present
I bulwark
you bulwark
he/she/it bulwarks
we bulwark
you bulwark
they bulwark
Preterite
I bulwarked
you bulwarked
he/she/it bulwarked
we bulwarked
you bulwarked
they bulwarked
Present Continuous
I am bulwarking
you are bulwarking
he/she/it is bulwarking
we are bulwarking
you are bulwarking
they are bulwarking
Present Perfect
I have bulwarked
you have bulwarked
he/she/it has bulwarked
we have bulwarked
you have bulwarked
they have bulwarked
Past Continuous
I was bulwarking
you were bulwarking
he/she/it was bulwarking
we were bulwarking
you were bulwarking
they were bulwarking
Past Perfect
I had bulwarked
you had bulwarked
he/she/it had bulwarked
we had bulwarked
you had bulwarked
they had bulwarked
Future
I will bulwark
you will bulwark
he/she/it will bulwark
we will bulwark
you will bulwark
they will bulwark
Future Perfect
I will have bulwarked
you will have bulwarked
he/she/it will have bulwarked
we will have bulwarked
you will have bulwarked
they will have bulwarked
Future Continuous
I will be bulwarking
you will be bulwarking
he/she/it will be bulwarking
we will be bulwarking
you will be bulwarking
they will be bulwarking
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been bulwarking
you have been bulwarking
he/she/it has been bulwarking
we have been bulwarking
you have been bulwarking
they have been bulwarking
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been bulwarking
you will have been bulwarking
he/she/it will have been bulwarking
we will have been bulwarking
you will have been bulwarking
they will have been bulwarking
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been bulwarking
you had been bulwarking
he/she/it had been bulwarking
we had been bulwarking
you had been bulwarking
they had been bulwarking
Conditional
I would bulwark
you would bulwark
he/she/it would bulwark
we would bulwark
you would bulwark
they would bulwark
Past Conditional
I would have bulwarked
you would have bulwarked
he/she/it would have bulwarked
we would have bulwarked
you would have bulwarked
they would have bulwarked
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.bulwark - an embankment built around a space for defensive purposesbulwark - an embankment built around a space for defensive purposes; "they stormed the ramparts of the city"; "they blew the trumpet and the walls came tumbling down"
bailey - the outer defensive wall that surrounds the outer courtyard of a castle
battlement, crenelation, crenellation - a rampart built around the top of a castle with regular gaps for firing arrows or guns
earthwork - an earthen rampart
embankment - a long artificial mound of stone or earth; built to hold back water or to support a road or as protection
fortification, munition - defensive structure consisting of walls or mounds built around a stronghold to strengthen it
fraise - sloping or horizontal rampart of pointed stakes
merlon - a solid section between two crenels in a crenelated battlement
2.bulwark - a fencelike structure around a deck (usually plural)
barrier - a structure or object that impedes free movement
ship - a vessel that carries passengers or freight
3.bulwark - a protective structure of stone or concretebulwark - a protective structure of stone or concrete; extends from shore into the water to prevent a beach from washing away
barrier - a structure or object that impedes free movement
Verb1.bulwark - defend with a bulwark
defend - be on the defensive; act against an attack

bulwark

noun
1. fortification, defence, bastion, buttress, rampart, redoubt, outwork a bulwark against the English
2. defence, support, safeguard, security, guard, buffer, mainstay a bulwark of democracy
Translations
حِصْن، مِتْراس
opevněníval
skanseværn
aallonmurtaja
vörn, varnargarîur
pylimas
aizsargvalnis
val

bulwark

[ˈbʊlwək] N (Mil) (fig) → baluarte m (Naut) → borda f

bulwark

[ˈbʊlwərk] n (= protection) → rempart m

bulwark

n
(lit, fig)Bollwerk nt
(Naut) → Schanzkleid nt

bulwark

[ˈbʊlwək] n (Mil) (fig) → baluardo, bastione m (Naut) → parapetto

bulwark

(ˈbulwək) noun
a wall built as a defence, often made of earth.
References in classic literature ?
Now the general is the bulwark of the State; if the bulwark is complete at all points; the State will be strong; if the bulwark is defective, the State will be weak.
Now and again too there would come a cloud of light sprays over the bulwark and a heavy blow of the ship's bows against the swell; so much heavier weather was made of it by this great rigged ship than by my home-made, lop-sided coracle, now gone to the bottom of the sea.
I crouched down again to get some shelter from the low bulwark.
Then I tried it on my hands and knees, but the scorched bulwarks burned me to the bone.
Their comrades crouched beneath the bulwarks, with many a rough jest and many a scrap of criticism or advice.
As the citizens in general are to eat at public tables in certain companies, and it is necessary that the walls should have bulwarks and towers in proper places and at proper distances, it is evident that it will be very necessary to have some of these in the towers; let the buildings for this purpose be made the ornaments of the walls.
In the midst of this consternation, Queequeg dropped deftly to his knees, and crawling under the path of the boom, whipped hold of a rope, secured one end to the bulwarks, and then flinging the other like a lasso, caught it round the boom as it swept over his head, and at the next jerk, the spar was that way trapped, and all was safe.
That office consists in mincing the horse-pieces of blubber for the pots; an operation which is conducted at a curious wooden horse, planted endwise against the bulwarks, and with a capacious tub beneath it, into which the minced pieces drop, fast as the sheets from a rapt orator's desk.
Even the officers aft, whose duty required them never to be seated while keeping a deck watch, vainly endeavoured to keep on their pins; and were obliged invariably to compromise the matter by leaning up against the bulwarks, and gazing abstractedly over the side.
A few of the pirates leant over the bulwarks, drinking in the miasma [putrid mist] of the night; others sprawled by barrels over games of dice and cards; and the exhausted four who had carried the little house lay prone on the deck, where even in their sleep they rolled skillfully to this side or that out of Hook's reach, lest he should claw them mechanically in passing.
There's a dim half-memory of being lifted up to the gangway, and of a big red countenance covered with freckles and surrounded with red hair staring at me over the bulwarks.
Dan looked over the low bulwarks at half a dozen dories rowing towards them over the shining, silky sea.