burnish

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bur·nish

 (bûr′nĭsh)
tr.v. bur·nished, bur·nish·ing, bur·nish·es
1. To make smooth or glossy by rubbing; polish.
2. To rub with a tool that serves especially to smooth or polish.
3. To improve or make more impressive: achievements that burnished her reputation.
n.
A smooth glossy finish or appearance; luster.

[Middle English burnishen, from Old French burnir, burniss-, variant of brunir, from brun, shining, of Germanic origin; see bher- in Indo-European roots.]

bur′nish·er n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

burnish

(ˈbɜːnɪʃ)
vb
(Art Terms) to make or become shiny or smooth by friction; polish
n
(Art Terms) a shiny finish; lustre
[C14 burnischen, from Old French brunir to make brown, from brun brown]
ˈburnishable adj
ˈburnisher n
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

bur•nish

(ˈbɜr nɪʃ)
v.t.
1. to polish (a surface) by friction.
2. to make smooth and bright, esp. by rubbing with a tool.
n.
3. brightness; luster.
[1275–1325; Middle English < Anglo-French burniss-, Middle French bruniss- (long s. of burnir,brunir to darken, polish) <brun- brown]
bur′nish•er, n.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

burnish


Past participle: burnished
Gerund: burnishing

Imperative
burnish
burnish
Present
I burnish
you burnish
he/she/it burnishes
we burnish
you burnish
they burnish
Preterite
I burnished
you burnished
he/she/it burnished
we burnished
you burnished
they burnished
Present Continuous
I am burnishing
you are burnishing
he/she/it is burnishing
we are burnishing
you are burnishing
they are burnishing
Present Perfect
I have burnished
you have burnished
he/she/it has burnished
we have burnished
you have burnished
they have burnished
Past Continuous
I was burnishing
you were burnishing
he/she/it was burnishing
we were burnishing
you were burnishing
they were burnishing
Past Perfect
I had burnished
you had burnished
he/she/it had burnished
we had burnished
you had burnished
they had burnished
Future
I will burnish
you will burnish
he/she/it will burnish
we will burnish
you will burnish
they will burnish
Future Perfect
I will have burnished
you will have burnished
he/she/it will have burnished
we will have burnished
you will have burnished
they will have burnished
Future Continuous
I will be burnishing
you will be burnishing
he/she/it will be burnishing
we will be burnishing
you will be burnishing
they will be burnishing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been burnishing
you have been burnishing
he/she/it has been burnishing
we have been burnishing
you have been burnishing
they have been burnishing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been burnishing
you will have been burnishing
he/she/it will have been burnishing
we will have been burnishing
you will have been burnishing
they will have been burnishing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been burnishing
you had been burnishing
he/she/it had been burnishing
we had been burnishing
you had been burnishing
they had been burnishing
Conditional
I would burnish
you would burnish
he/she/it would burnish
we would burnish
you would burnish
they would burnish
Past Conditional
I would have burnished
you would have burnished
he/she/it would have burnished
we would have burnished
you would have burnished
they would have burnished
Collins English Verb Tables © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.burnish - the property of being smooth and shinyburnish - the property of being smooth and shiny
smoothness - a texture without roughness; smooth to the touch; "admiring the slim smoothness of her thighs"; "some artists prefer the smoothness of a board"
radiancy, refulgence, refulgency, shine, effulgence, radiance - the quality of being bright and sending out rays of light
French polish - the glaze produced by repeated applications of French polish shellac
glaze - a glossy finish on a fabric
Verb1.burnish - polish and make shiny; "buff the wooden floors"; "buff my shoes"
polish, smooth, smoothen, shine - make (a surface) shine; "shine the silver, please"; "polish my shoes"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.

burnish

verb
1. improve, enhance, brighten, refine, cultivate, brush up, touch up, emend The company badly needs a president who can burnish its image.
2. polish, shine, buff, brighten, rub up, furbish His shoes were burnished, his shirt perfectly pressed.
polish scratch, graze, scuff, abrade
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002

burnish

verb
To give a gleaming luster to, usually through friction:
noun
A radiant brightness or glow, usually due to light reflected from a smooth surface:
The American Heritage® Roget's Thesaurus. Copyright © 2013, 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Translations
يَصْقُلُ، يُلَمِّعُ المَعادِن
leštit
polerepudse
fényesre csiszol
fægja
blizgintinublizgintinupoliruotipoliruoti
pulētspodrināt
cilalamakparlatmak

burnish

[ˈbɜːnɪʃ] VT
1. [+ metal] → bruñir
2. (fig) [+ image] → mejorar
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

burnish

[ˈbɜːrnɪʃ] vtpolir
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

burnish

vt metalpolieren; (fig) imageaufpolieren
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

burnish

[ˈbɜːnɪʃ] vtbrunire
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

burnish

(ˈbəːniʃ) verb
to make (metal) bright by polishing. They burnished the silver.
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.
References in periodicals archive ?
It made appearances at the 1851 Great Exhibition and 1862 International Exhibition, before moving to the Blackett Street base, which used to house its own workshops for engravers, polishers, burnishers, jewellers, clockmakers and watchmakers on the floors above.
Petros is depicted handing his inkpot and pen to his pupil Mkrtich, symbolising the transmission of scribal skills to the next generation; two other younger pupils, T'uma and Simeon, are hard at work in the lower register, smoothing out the paper in preparation using heavy flat-bottomed burnishers.
IPC Eagle's line of cleaning equipment includes automatic scrubbers, vacuum sweepers, professional and industrial vacuums, pure water cleaning systems, window cleaning tools, screen washers, burnishers, extractors, pressure washers, microfiber mopping systems and more.
They use floor scrubbers, high-speed burnishers, wet/dry vacuums and respirators, as well as standard cleaning supplies.
The 1891 census showed that almost to a man - this included women - the residents of James Turner Street were employed as smiths, pressers, turners and stampers, chain-makers, moulders, casters, brass workers, solderers, burnishers, polishers, tank-makers, engine fitters, nut and bolt-makers, cycle-makers, core-makers, angle-iron smiths, axle turners, brass tap finishers, machine tool-makers, furnacemen, iron and steel wire drawers, and rule-makers.
Carbon dioxide (C[O.sub.2]) is introduced into the space by the flow of outdoor C[O.sub.2] in ventilation and infiltration air, the emission of C[O.sub.2] by occupants and the emissions from floor burnishers that are used to that are used to clean and polish the floor during the re-stocking hours when the store is closed for business.
Powered floor equipment, including electric- and battery-powered floor buffers and burnishers, must be equipped with guards or other devices for capturing fine particulates.
Except for a Vandercook letterpress and electricity, the studio looks like something out of ancient times with stone paper beaters, bone burnishers, mineral pigments, brushes, assorted leathers, hand-stitched bindings, and elaborate backstrap-loomed fabrics.
The full Hako range includes 15" to 95" head scrubber driers, manual and ride on sweepers, sub-compact road sweepers, c ommercial vacuum cleaners, single disc polishers and burnishers. In addition, Hako is the only European cleaning machine manufacturer to have the EMAS accreditation, the increasingly influential Environmental Management and Audit Scheme.