5 mg/kg PO q24h x 10 d) and butorphanol
(1 mg/kg IM q6h x 2 d) were used for pain management.
Group 2 included 35 patients who received butorphanol
2009), sedation scores obtained by the same NDS used in this study were greater in dogs that received ACP in combination with methadone and morphine ([mu] agonists) compared with butorphanol
(kappa agonist) and tramadol (agonist with low affinity for [mu] receptors).
Two weeks after cytologic analysis, the toucan was premedicated with butorphanol
Wajima et al in 1995 (28) in a randomized double blind study compared two groups of patients getting intravenous infusion and brachial plexus infusion of butorphanol
for postoperative analgesia.
Analgesic efficacy of preoperative administration of meloxicam or butorphanol
in onychectomized cats.
Because it showed little improvement, a fenestrated air sac cannula was placed in the left caudal air sac after administration of butorphanol
(1 mg/kg IM once) and general anesthesia (isoflurane administered by mask in oxygen).
Supraclavicular plexus block: Effect of adding tramadol or butorphanol
as an adjuncts to local anaesthetic on motor and sensory block and duration of post-operative analgesia.
Effect of acepromazine and butorphanol
on halothane minimum alveolar concentration in ponies.
Treatment included cleaning the site with a dilute 2% chlorhexidine solution (Nolvasan, Fort Dodge Animal Health, Fort Dodge, 1A, USA) and administration of butorphanol
tartrate (Torbugesic, 2 mg/kg IM, Fort Dodge Animal Health) for analgesia.
exhibits partial agonist and antagonist activity at the p opioid receptor, as well as competitive antagonist activity and partial agonist activity at the k opioid receptor.
Antinociceptive effects of butorphanol
, buprenorphine,or both, administered intramuscularly in cats.