The concentrations of endotoxins were higher in the textile processing units, therefore, workers employed in this sector of economy were more likely to suffer from byssinosis
(Centurion et al., 2012) and other sectors like agriculture (Reynolds et al., 2012; Cui et al., 2011) and wood trimmers (Jacobsen et al., 2010).
The textile industry is associated with the processing of cotton, where exposure to cotton dust may lead to development of obstructive respiratory conditions among textile workers, including Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), byssinosis
, pulmonary tuberculosis and occupational asthma.1-3 Studies from both low and high income countries have reported respiratory illness and symptoms among textile workers which profoundly affect the quality of life.1,3-5
It is known that exposure to the organic dusts of textile plants results in respiratory system complaints and pulmonary diseases like byssinosis
, chronic bronchitis, asthma-like syndrome, reactive airway dysfunction syndrome (RADS), occupational asthma and emphysema [1-4].
an effort to prevent Byssinosis
, a respiratory disease, even though
Lung functions were lower in cotton workers than in general population and in those with history of byssinosis
. (10) Inhalation of dust is an important causative factor of interstitial lung disease in our country.
Although, several occupational diseases, such as anthrax, Byssinosis
, compressed air illness, poisoning by lead tetraethyl, poisoning by nitrous fumes, lead poisoning, phosphorus poisoning, mercury poisoning, poisoning by benzene and homologues, chrome ulceration, arsenic poisoning, pathological disorders due to X-rays, radium or radioactive materials, primary epithliomatous cancer of skin, silicosis, etc., are covered under the Social Security Ordinance and Workmen's Compensation Act but the reporting mechanism is so poor that very few get the benefits .
The supply chain includes the trafficking of children who work in factories where cotton dust causes the lung disease byssinosis
- common during the industrial revolution after which similar working conditions were banned.
Workmen's compensation and byssinosis
in South Africa: a review of 32 cases.
Farm workers are exposed to hazard ranging from; chemical, physical, ergonomics, biological and psychosocial hazards thereby leading to disorders and diseases like carcinogenicity (cancer causing), mutagenicity (induce mutations), tetragenicity(affect the feotus), psychiatric disorder and delayed neuropathy, and the dusts have been known to cause diseases ranging from Byssinosis
, occupational asthma, pneumonitis and non-specific Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease(COPD) and musculoskeletal disorder the list is endless..
Among all cotton workers, past exposure was associated with reduced [FEV.sub.1] only among those hired < 5 years prior to baseline testing Recent endotoxin exposure, but not past exposure, was significantly associated with byssinosis
, chronic bronchitis, and chronic cough.