Shortly after Chamberlain's visit, Boje quotes Schimper as saying, "the poor farmer hires a piece of ground the rent of which is paid by the native and the farmer lives with the native as Bywoner
[poor white]." Many rural Afrikaners became the implacable enemies of the British Empire.
Fado, omdat die hoofkarakter 'n antiheld is, 'n bywoner
, 'n geinterneerde sukkelaar.
Die eerste vertel die verhaal van 'n bywoner
se seun, Zack Becker, wat verlief raak op sy pa se werkgewer se dogter, en die twee jongmense se stryd om uiteindelik saam te kan wees.
As early as 1903, the Rhodesian Surveyor -General wrote that he opposed a situation where any white person who had financial resources to purchase land in the colony was afforded the opportunity as this would attract "a number of undesirables like the 'bywoner
' class, who would form a compact, bigoted and non-progressive class" (Mlambo 2000).
The betrayal is more than personal, however; it is also a betrayal of one's race and class, for in switching allegiance Lucy moves from being Petrus's equal to becoming his "bywoner
," a poor and propertyless Afrikaner (204).
A serviceable example of how this identification emerges is in Krog's preoccupation throughout the book with the family farm which is sold, and to which she is forced to return when she visits Kroonstad in the capacity of something like a 'bywoner
', (13) residing not in the family homestead, but in the adjoining bungalow.
She resembles a bywoner
, a category of poor white South African who in the early twentieth century was forced, for economic reasons, to leave the family farm for the growing urban centres.
As jong seun op sy pa se plaas besef Hansie alreeds dat hy lief is vir Maria, die dogter van oom Rooi-Stefaans, die bywoner
, wat later wegtrek na 'n botsing tussen hom en oom Gert.
Segun los terminos de este segundo intento de reconstruir los hechos, todo lo que le paso a Herklaas van Wyk entre 1902, al final de la Guerra de los Boers, y 1914, el ano del estallido de la rebelion, fue que estuvo viviendo en alguna granja del distrito de Upington como bywoner
, es decir cultivando para si una pequena porcion de terreno del dueno de la misma a cambio de su trabajo.
Anneke makes use of the typical terminology of the traditional farm novel of the early twentieth century by describing the Afrikaners' position in the New South Africa as that of bywoners
. Ampie Coetzee shows that, in the traditional farm novel, the "bywoner
" is characterised by displacement and degeneration (96).
Haar finale kniebuiging is as sy besluit oto voort te gaan as sy "bywoner
Increasing numbers of the white poor meant that the sharp social distinction between heerenboren and bywoner
also grew sharper.