cadmium


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cad·mi·um

 (kăd′mē-əm)
n. Symbol Cd
A soft, bluish-white metallic element occurring primarily in zinc, copper, and lead ores, that is easily cut with a knife and is used in nickel-cadmium storage batteries, rustproof electroplating, nuclear reactor shields, solders, and in low-friction, fatigue-resistant alloys. Atomic number 48; atomic weight 112.41; melting point 321.1°C; boiling point 767°C; specific gravity 8.65; valence 2. See Periodic Table.

[Latin cadmīa, calamine (the ore of zinc from which cadmium was first extracted as an impurity) (from Greek kadmeia (gē), Theban (earth), from Kadmos, Cadmus; see Cadmus) + -ium.]

cad′mic (-mĭk) adj.

cadmium

(ˈkædmɪəm)
n
(Elements & Compounds) a malleable ductile toxic bluish-white metallic element that occurs in association with zinc ores. It is used in electroplating, alloys, and as a neutron absorber in the control of nuclear fission. Symbol: Cd; atomic no: 48; atomic wt: 112.411; valency: 2; relative density: 8.65; melting pt: 321.1°C; boiling pt: 767°C
[C19: from New Latin, from Latin cadmīa zinc ore, calamine, referring to the fact that both calamine and cadmium are found in the ore]

cad•mi•um

(ˈkæd mi əm)

n.
a white, ductile, divalent metallic element resembling tin, used in plating and in making certain alloys. Symbol: Cd; at. wt.: 112.41; at. no.: 48; sp. gr.: 8.6 at 20°C.
[< German Kadmium (1817) < Latin cadm(īa) zinc oxide]
cad′mic, adj.

cad·mi·um

(kăd′mē-əm)
Symbol Cd A rare, bluish-white metallic element that occurs mainly in small amounts in zinc ores. It is soft and easily cut with a knife. Cadmium is plated onto other metals and alloys to prevent corrosion, and it is used to make rechargeable batteries and nuclear reactors. Atomic number 48. See Periodic Table.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.cadmium - a soft bluish-white ductile malleable toxic bivalent metallic elementcadmium - a soft bluish-white ductile malleable toxic bivalent metallic element; occurs in association with zinc ores
metal, metallic element - any of several chemical elements that are usually shiny solids that conduct heat or electricity and can be formed into sheets etc.
calamine, hemimorphite - a white mineral; a common ore of zinc
Translations
кадмий
kadmium
kadmium
kaadmium
kadmium
kadmij
kadmium
kadmín
カドミウム
cadmium
kadmis
cadmium
kadm
cadmiu
kadmium
kadmij
kadmium

cadmium

[ˈkædmɪəm] Ncadmio m

cadmium

[ˈkædmiəm] ncadmium m

cadmium

nKadmium nt, → Cadmium nt

cadmium

n cadmio
References in periodicals archive ?
Using x-ray fluorescence (XRF) screening method, the Quezon City-based group found out that a plate with Santa design had 10,100 parts per million (ppm) of lead and 2,113 ppm of cadmium while a mug with a Christmas tree design had 12,600 ppm lead and 2,912 cadmium.
En cas de changement de la reglementation fixant la norme de presence du cadmium dans le phosphate, des pays comme la Jordanie, le Maroc, le Togo, le Senegal et surtout la Tunisie pourraient etre confrontes a des consequences economiques assez severes et pourraient meme etre amenes a trouver d'autres marches pour leur phosphate, en dehors de la zone europeenne.
The original way that happened was when cadmium miners raised a bunch of dust while working without masks, and that was bad enough.
In recent years, there has been speculation that the US aerospace industry will phase out cadmium by 2023, however the survey from SIFCO ASC found that only 23% of respondents think they will actually be cadmium free within the next five years.
In October 1987, cadmium was listed on the Prop 65 list of chemicals as a chemical known to cause cancer.
The administration of cadmium caused a significant decrease in germinal epithelium thickness and Johnson's score.
Keywords: Cadmium, Liver, Gizzard, Kidney, Larus argentatus, histopathology.
International Agency for Research in Cancer (IARC) classified cadmium as a group I carcinogen whereas Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has placed it in group B1 as a probable human carcinogen [3].
According to the researchers, the most important achievement of this research is to increase the efficiency of blue light LED containing cadmium sulfide nanostructures.
The permanence of cadmium in the soil contaminates water and impedes the absorption of plant nutrients causing morphological, physiological, biochemical and structural changes in plants (AUGUSTO et al.