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cae·saralso Cae·sar (sē′zər)
1. Used as a title and form of address for Roman emperors.
2. A dictator or autocrat.
[Middle English cesar, from Latin Caesar, after Julius Caesar.]
1. (Biography) Gaius Julius (ˈɡaɪəs ˈdʒuːlɪəs). 100–44 bc, Roman general, statesman, and historian. He formed the first triumvirate with Pompey and Crassus (60), conquered Gaul (58–50), invaded Britain (55–54), mastered Italy (49), and defeated Pompey (46). As dictator of the Roman Empire (49–44) he destroyed the power of the corrupt Roman nobility. He also introduced the Julian calendar and planned further reforms, but fear of his sovereign power led to his assassination (44) by conspirators led by Marcus Brutus and Cassius Longinus
2. (Historical Terms) any Roman emperor
3. (sometimes not capital) any emperor, autocrat, dictator, or other powerful ruler
4. (Historical Terms) a title of the Roman emperors from Augustus to Hadrian
5. (Historical Terms) (in the Roman Empire)
a. a title borne by the imperial heir from the reign of Hadrian
b. the heir, deputy, and subordinate ruler to either of the two emperors under Diocletian's system of government
6. (Cookery) short for Caesar salad
1. Gaius Julius, c100–44 B.C., Roman general, statesman, and historian.
2. a title of the Roman emperors from Augustus to Hadrian, and later of the heirs presumptive.
3. any emperor.
4. a tyrant or dictator.
5. any temporal ruler; civil authority. Matt. 22:21.
An aristocratic Roman family name which became an imperial title.