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n. pl. cal·a·man·coes
A glossy fabric of wool or a wool blend, traditionally having a checked pattern on one side.

[Perhaps from Spanish calamaco, from Late Latin calamaucus, felt cap.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(Textiles) a glossy woollen fabric woven with a checked design that shows on one side only
[C16: of unknown origin]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
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It doubled as his home and dry goods store, with "Bohea and Gunpowder, Teas, serges, calamancoes and doubtless a variety of other articles," according to one account.